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English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents

Gramŗtica anglesa de nivell mitjŗ:
• MatŤries

Gramŗtica anglesa per a principiants:
• Õndex
• Unitat 1:  A, an, some, any i the
• Unitat 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unitat 3:  Els pronoms personals i els adjectius i pronoms possessius
• Unitat 4:  Els pronoms reflexius, el pronom recŪproc "each other" i els pronoms personals de complement
• Unitat 5:  Llista de verbs irregulars anglesos

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Gramŗtica anglesa de nivell avanÁat pas a pas (English Grammar Step by Step)

     UNIT 3 - Page 2

   Add question tags to the statements given below.

14 Examples:
   Mary will6 take her revenge on you, wonít she?
   Mary wonít take her revenge on you, will she?

a  Many animal races will die out if we keep on killing them.
b  Your book will come out next week.
c  She will have to settle down one day.
d  They wonít give up.
e  We shall never surrender.

15 Examples:
   Letís go to the disco, shall we?
   Letís not give up now, shall we?

   The complete form of letís is let us.

a  Letís wind up the clock.
b  Letís switch on the television.
c  Letís call out the fire brigade.
d  Letís ring them up tonight.
e  Letís not stay out here in the rain.

16 Examples:
   She would like that, wouldnít she?
   She woulnít like that, would she?

a  You would send her away.
b  It wouldnít go off if you pressed that button.
c  He would never forgive you.
d  Penelope wouldnít let you down.
e  Nancy would put her foot in it.

17 Examples: (imperatives7; the subject is not mentioned
   in the main clause.)
   Take these pills, will you8?
   Donít take these sleeping pills, will you?

   The meaning of will you? here is similar to please.

a  Come this way.
b  Donít be so stubborn.
c  Take it easy.
d  Donít talk that rubbish.
e  Give her a second chance.

18 Revision exercise.
a  Their chances of succeeding in life are very small.
b  Mark canít put up with Timís bad manners.
c  Neither of them will take over their fatherís business.
d  Thereís no point in arguing with your father about politics.
e  We shall have to draw up a plan.
f  She spoilt her children.
g  Theyíve got no apricots.
h  I donít have to pretend that Iím very rich any longer.
i  Donít be late.
j  He never loses his temper.
k  He fell off his horse.
l  This is not the solution to all your problems.
m  We didnít fail to send her mother a present.
n  Donít cheat in examinations.
o  This is not a gift.
p  There was a mistake.
q  Everybody thinks he is being disloyal to his friends.
r  They hardly ever speak to each other.
s  They will have to get down to work.
t  My application has been turned down.
u  Diana wouldnít cut that tree down.
v  Put that cigar out.
w  He was held up by the traffic.
x  Letís not take her seriously.
y  Iím the prettiest girl in the whole village.
z  Do your flies up.

19 Examples:
   She could play the piano when she was eight years old,
   couldnít she?
   She couldnít play the piano when she was eight years old,
   could she?

a  Tim couldnít believe his eyes when he saw Adrian dressed up
   as a woman.
b  He could over-react.
c  Molly could reimburse the money to you.
d  You couldnít help loving her.
e  The tiger couldnít scape from its cage.

20 Examples:
   We must free her, mustnít we?
   We mustnít  free her, must we?

a  They mustnít lock this door.
b  He mustnít reject their offer.
c  She must rest.
d  After all she has done for us, we must back her up.
e  This switch mustnít be turned on.

21 Example:
   I neednít obey her orders, need I?

a  They neednít come.
b  We neednít tell your uncle.
c  John neednít act this afternoon.
d  We neednít write an essay.
e  We neednít ring the bell.

22 Examples: (I, you, we, they have; he, she, it has; see unit 7,
   parts 5 and 6.)
   You have been given the sack, havenít you?
   You havenít been given the sack, have you?

a  David hasnít reserved a table.
b  Youíve missed the bus.
c  They have never opened that door.
d  The cat has just scratched him.
e  We have just given up.

23 Examples: (See unit 7, parts 7 and 8.)
   They had finished their meal when he came in, hadnít they?
   They hadnít finished their meal when he came in, had they?

a  My wife had already cleaned the house.
b  Her husband hadnít met her mother before.
c  Maggie had never been dismissed before.
d  Nothing had been done at that time.
e  They had murdered him when the police arrived.

24 Examples:
   We should sit down, shouldnít we?
   We shouldnít sit down, should we?

   Should and ought to are usually interchangeable: They ought not
   to rule out a shortfall in the budget, ought they?/They should not
   rule out a shortfall in the budget, should they? See units 1,
   (example 18), 2 (section 14) and 22 (sections 26, 27, 29, 30, 31
   and 33).

a  He shouldnít be removed from office.
b  This should be handled carefully.
c  We should cut across this field if we want to be there in good
   time for the sack race.
d  I ought to smoke less.
e  James should be sent to prison.

25 Revision exercise.
a  We canít count them out.
b  He is very vulnerable.
c  They arenít acting badly.
d  Heís got a terrible illness.
e  You should have your hair cut.
f  That annoyed him.
g  You donít think sheís the right person for the post.
h  They couldnít make out the castle in the distance.
i  He doesnít miss her.
j  I booked a room.
k  I wouldnít be any use.
l  Press that button.
m  Donít forget what Iíve just said.
n  He didnít forbid her seeing that boy.
o  She enjoys watching the snow falling.
p  Peter was making for the coast when he had an accident.
q  Everyone forgot to telephone her.
r  Nothing was said.
s  We had better leave early9.
t  We ought to lodge a complaint against them.
u  They will join the club.
v  Letís give her a lift.
w  They mustnít touch this wire.
x  Molly neednít come to work tomorrow.
y  They had already forgotten her when she appeared again.
z  This document will be sent to you at the due time.

26 Sometimes we use an affirmative tag after an affirmative statement,
   and the other way round. The latter10 often sounds a little bit
   aggressive, and is not very common. This construction usually
   expresses anger, interest, surprise, and so forth. However, once
   again, the intonation is very important here, since it can suggest
   how the speaker feels about something, or if he or she wants to be
   told whether or not something is correct. These tags are not so
   usual as question tags.

   Oh, so the Government donít approve of that, donít they11?
   Oh, so the Government approve of that, do they12?

   This structure is similar to the following one:
   Peter: The Government donít approve of that.
   Mary: Donít they13? (= Really?)
   Peter: The Government approve of that.
   Mary: Do they? (= Really?)

   Add comments to the following statements, as seen above.

a  You have broken my car.
b  They donít want to come.
c  Heís got a big problem.
d  The party was very boring.
e  Ann is getting divorced.
f  You donít want to leave me.
g  Peter has invited Rita.
h  They did not make a single mistake.
i  He kissed her.
j  Everybody understood her explanations.
k  He was accused of murder.
l  Marilyn beat Martha at chess yesterday.
m  He is the heavyweight boxing champion of the world.
n  She has left her studies.
o  It broke into pieces.
p  She didnít tell him a word.
q  She spent all her money on clothes.
r  John told her the truth.
s  Heís afraid of snakes.
t  They won the lottery.
u  He canít do it.
v  You have read my diary.
w  He was nicked for shoplifting .
x  He was fined for driving too fast.
y  They ran away from home last week.
z  They hijacked the plane.

6  Shall is possible in place of will with I and we:
     We will have to break cover, wonít we?/We shall have to break
     cover, shanít we?
     We wonít have to line up here in the rain, will we?/We shanít
     have to line up here in the rain, shall we?
   See unit 7, part 10, and unit 9, sections 51 and 52.
7  For further details about imperative sentences, see unit 9,
   section 54.
8  Instead of will you?, we may use would you?, can you?, could you?,
   wonít you? or canít you? if the imperative sentence is
   affirmative; if it is negative, only will you? is possible.
   Wonít you? is chiefly found in invitations or offers:
     Take a seat, wonít you?
     Take the phone off the hook, would you?
     Donít get out of the car, will you?
9  Use had in the tag.
10  This structure very often has a rising tone, because it expresses
   strong emphasis. It is therefore a real question.
11  Do they is equally possible.
12  Donít they is possible as well.
13  This structure is far more productive than the following one,
   which is very unusual: Oh, so the Government donít approve of
   that, donít they?
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

     Pages: 1, 2 and the key

1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8  Irregular verbs
9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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