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English Grammar Step by Step:
• Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs

Intermediate English Grammar:
• Contents
• Irregular verbs

English Grammar for Beginners:
• Contents
• Unit 1:  A, an, some any and the
• Unit 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unit 3:  Personal pronouns and possessives
• Unit 4:  Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns
• Unit 5:  List of irregular verbs

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Home: English Grammar: Beginners:
1603 registered



Mar 10, 2010, 9:19 AM

Post #1 of 2
question Can't Post

Thank you for answering my question. From your answer, i understood that "IT" is only used with uncountable nouns, but i have seen in many places that " it" is used with a countable noun like " it is a pen".
Would you please tell me more about "IT".?
What is the difference between " it" and "that" and "this"?
When can we use it?
When can we use that and when this?
Would you please provide me with some examples?

Thanks a bunch

User / Moderator

Mar 11, 2010, 4:26 PM

Post #2 of 2
Re: [David] question [In reply to] Can't Post

Hello, David!

The pronoun it is used to refer to uncountable nouns, but also, to singular nouns or words:

What colour is milk? It is white.
This/That/It is a pen.
The house is mine. It was built in 1980.

Please visit http://www.polseguera.com/...grammar/pronouns.htm and http://www.polseguera.org/...essive_reflexive.php for further information.

This and that are demostrative pronouns and determiners. This implies that something or someone is close to us, and that is used to indicate distance:

That man over there is my cousin.

-Hello, Peter! This is my uncle. His name is Tom
-Nice to meet you, Tom
-Nice to meet you, Peter

What is that? It is a rabbit.

This book (the book is near) is mine and that book (the book is not near) is yours.

Best regards,


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