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Free English Grammar (Basic » Intermediate)


Unit 5 - List of irregular verbs


For a more compact version, click here.


The following units will be about verb forms and their uses. The list below will be very useful to form some verb tenses. We include it now because it is necessary for you to learn it by heart, or failing that, to have it always to hand.


Before starting to study it, you must bear in mind:

(1) that a few verbs have both regular and irregular forms : burn (burnt or burned), dream (dreamt or dreamed), learn (learnt or learned)...;

(2) that hang is regular (simple past and past participle: hanged) with the meaning of "killing somebody by dropping him or her with a rope around his or her neck";

(3) and that lie is regular (lied) to refer to the act of not telling the truth.


arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
be was, were been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt burnt
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forbid forbad(e) forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
learn learnt learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit lit
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
mistake mistook mistaken
overtake overtook overtaken
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn
shake shook shaken
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
smell smelt smelt
speak spoke spoken
spell spelt spelt
spend spent spent
split split split
spoil spoilt spoilt
spread spread spread
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
strike struck struck
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
upset upset upset
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weep wept wept
win won won
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
write wrote written


Written by Miquel Molina i Diez


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