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Gramática inglesa gratuita (Básico » Medio)

 

UNIDAD 2 - Some, any + -body / -one, + -thing, + -where1

 

Los compuestos de some y any actúan de la misma manera que estos, es decir, some-, para la afirmativa y, any-, para la interrogativa y la negativa, aunque empleamos some- en la interrogativa para peticiones, ofrecimientos o cuando esperamos una respuesta afirmativa, como ya dijimos en la unidad anterior. Ejemplos:

I saw somebody there. (Vi a alguien allí.)

I did not see anybody there. (No vi a nadie allí.)

Did you see anybody there? (¿Viste a alguien allí?)

Would you like something better? (¿Quiere algo mejor?)

 

En vez de I did not see anybody there, también se puede decir I saw nobody there. Lo que no se puede hacer es negar dos veces: *I did not see nobody there.

 

Da lo mismo decir somebody que someone, anybody que anyone, nobody que no-one. No-one se puede escribir también no one.

 

Any también puede significar "cualquier(a)":

You can take any pencil. (Puedes coger cualquier lápiz / Puedes coger el lapiz que quieras.)

Anybody can do it. It's very easy. (Cualquiera sabe hacerlo. Es muy fácil.)

 

Ya para terminar, véamos los siguientes ejemplos:

Somebody told me you were abroad. (Alguien me dijo que estabas en el extranjero.)

Nobody came to the meeting. (Nadie fue a la reunión.)

Was there anybody in the house? (¿Había alguien en la casa?)

I want something to eat. (Quiero algo de comer.)

I don't need anything. (No necesito nada.)

I need nothing. (No necesito nada.)

Would you like something to drink? (¿Quieres algo de beber?)

Is there anything in that drawer? (¿Hay algo en ese cajón?)

I want to go somewhere else. (Quiero ir a otro sitio.)

I didn't go anywhere. (No fui a ningún sitio.)

I went nowhere. (No fui a ningún sitio.)

Have you seen my car keys anywhere? (¿Has visto las llaves del coche en alguna parte?)

 

Ejercicio:

  Rellene los espacios en blanco con somebody, anybody, nobody, something, anything, nothing, somewhere, anywhere o nowhere.

  1.  I know __________ about this issue that you may find interesting, but if I tell you, you must promise to keep it (a) secret.

  2.  __________ lives here. There is no water.

  3.  I spent the night __________ near the beach.

  4.  __________ could have jumped over this wall, and stole your rake. It's very low.

  5.  __________ scares him. He's very brave.

  6.  There is __________ to park here. Let's go __________ else to park.

  7.  Would you like __________ to wash your hands?.

  8.  May I have __________ for dessert, please?

  9.  They took him __________ in London, and he never returned.

 10.  Please don't leave __________ behind at home. We'll be away for a fortnight.

 11.  She needs __________ to love. She's very lonely.

 12.  They will not sing __________ in this city. They said that they would never come back.

 13.  There isn't __________ you can do to help them. __________ can help them.

 14.  We do not need __________ else to run this department. We can do it ourselves.

 15.  __________ is ringing the bell. Go and see who it is.

 16.  __________ phoned while we were out, but they did not leave a message.

 17.  __________ tells me that there is __________ fishy going on.

 18.  They are looking for __________ to settle down and have children. They want to find a quiet place to lead a quiet life.

 19.  "Where would you like to stay?"

       "__________ will do provided it is a clean place."

 20.  "Is there __________ at home?"

       "I don't think there is __________. Mum and dad must have gone out."

 

____________________
Autor: Miquel Molina i Diez
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