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Lista de verbos irregulares ingleses

 

Versión compacta

 

En las unidades siguientes, nos encargaremos de las formas verbales y de sus usos. La lista que encontrará más abajo le será de especial utilidad para la formación de algunos tiempos verbales. Se la incluimos ahora porque es necesario que la aprenda o, en su defecto, la tenga siempre a mano.

 

Antes de empezar a estudiarla, debe tener en cuenta:

(1) que en las traducciones se ha puesto sólo un significado, pero que puede haber muchos más;

(2) que hang es regular (pasado simple y participio de pasado: hanged) cuando significa "ahorcar";

(3) que algunos verbos tienen formas regulares e irregulares: burn (burnt o burned), dream (dreamt o dreamed), learn (learnt o learned)...;

(4) y que lie es regular (lied) con el significado de "mentir".

 

INFINITIVO PASADO SIMPLE PARTICIPIO DE PASADO TRADUCCIÓN
arise arose arisen surgir
awake awoke awoken despertar(se)
be was, were been ser/estar
beat beat beaten golpear
become became become hacerse
begin began begun empezar
bend bent bent doblar(se)
bet bet bet apostar
bite bit bitten morder
bleed bled bled sangrar
blow blew blown soplar
break broke broken romper
bring brought brought traer
broadcast broadcast broadcast emitir
build built built construir
burn burnt burnt quemar(se)
burst burst burst estallar
buy bought bought comprar
catch caught caught coger
choose chose chosen elegir
come came come venir
cost cost cost costar
cut cut cut cortar
deal dealt dealt tratar
dig dug dug cavar
do did done hacer
draw drew drawn dibujar
dream dreamt dreamt soñar
drink drank drunk beber
drive drove driven conducir
eat ate eaten comer
fall fell fallen caer(se)
feed fed fed alimentar
feel felt felt sentirse
fight fought fought pelearse
find found found encontrar
fly flew flown volar
forbid forbad(e) forbidden prohibir
forget forgot forgotten olvidar(se)
forgive forgave forgiven perdonar
freeze froze frozen helar(se)
get got got conseguir
give gave given dar
go went gone irse
grow grew grown crecer
hang hung hung colgar
have had had haber/tener
hear heard heard escuchar
hide hid hidden esconder(se)
hit hit hit golpear
hold held held agarrar(se)
hurt hurt hurt hacer daño
keep kept kept guardar
kneel knelt knelt arrodillarse
know knew known saber/conocer
lay laid laid poner
lead led led llevar
learn learnt learnt aprender
leave left left dejar
lend lent lent prestar
let let let permitir
lie lay lain echarse
light lit lit encender(se)
lose lost lost perder
make made made hacer
mean meant meant significar
meet met met encontrar(se)
mistake mistook mistaken equivocar(se)
overtake overtook overtaken adelantar
pay paid paid pagar
put put put poner
read read read leer
ride rode ridden montar
ring rang rung sonar
rise rose risen levantarse
run ran run correr
say said said decir
see saw seen ver
seek sought sought buscar
sell sold sold vender(se)
send sent sent enviar
set set set poner
sew sewed sewn coser
shake shook shaken agitar
shine shone shone brillar
shoot shot shot disparar
show showed shown mostrar
shrink shrank shrunk encoger(se)
shut shut shut cerrar(se)
sing sang sung cantar
sink sank sunk hundir(se)
sit sat sat sentar(se)
sleep slept slept dormir
smell smelt smelt oler
speak spoke spoken hablar
spell spelt spelt deletrear
spend spent spent pasar/gastar
split split split dividir(se)
spoil spoilt spoilt estropear(se)
spread spread spread extender(se)
stand stood stood estar de pie
steal stole stolen robar
stick stuck stuck pegar(se)
sting stung stung picar
strike struck struck golpear
strive strove striven esforzarse
swear swore sworn jurar
sweep swept swept barrer
swim swam swum nadar
swing swung swung balancear(se)
take took taken tomar(se)
teach taught taught enseñar
tear tore torn romper(se)
tell told told contar/decir
think thought thought pensar
throw threw thrown lanzar
understand understood understood entender
upset upset upset afligir
wake woke woken despertar(se)
wear wore worn llevar (puesto)
weep wept wept llorar
win won won ganar
withdraw withdrew withdrawn retirar(se)
write wrote written escribir

 

Autor: Miquel Molina i Diez

 


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