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Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)


     UNIT 1

   Transform the following sentences into the negative and the interrogative.

1  Example: (See unit 22.)
   I can dance.
   I can't dance/I cannot dance.
   Can I dance?

a  She can swim.
b  They can help you.
c  We can ride a horse.
d  He can drive a lorry.
e  It can fly.

2  Example: (I am; he, she, it is; we, you, they are; see unit 6, part 1, section 1.)
   He's happy/He is happy.
   He isn't happy/He is not happy.
   Is he happy?

a  It's snowing.
b  They're working.
c  It's spitting with rain.
d  She's worried.
e  You're watching television.

3  Example: (he, she, it has; other persons, have; see unit 6, part 4, section 1.)
   It's got five doors/It has got five doors.
   It hasn't got five doors/It has not got five doors.
   Has it got five doors?

a  I've got a farm.
b  He's got a lot of friends.
c  They've got my help.
d  It's got three eyes.
e  We've got everything.

4  Example: (all the persons, but he, she, it; see unit 7, part 1.)
   I hate running.
   I don't hate running/I do not hate running.
   Do I hate running?

a  His sisters dust every single day.
b  My friends wish to go abroad.
c  I live in London.
d  They like singing.
e  We need more dancers.

5  Example: (third person singular: he, she, it; see unit 7, part 1.)
   He works hard.
   He doesn't work (infinitive) hard/He does not work hard.
   Does he work (infinitive) hard?

a  She pays them a short visit from time to time. (infinitive: pay)
b  He looks like his father. (infinitive: look)
c  It dries soon. (infinitive: dry)
d  It flies. (infinitive: fly)
e  She washes down the kitchen walls once a month. (infinitive: wash)

6  Revision exercise.
a  It takes time.
b  He's got three parrots.
c  My car is being repaired.
d  You can mend my watch.
e  She loves talking to friends.
f  It worries him.
g  There's a man in the street.
h  They've got all she wishes.
i  They look tired.
j  There are two old ladies at the door.
k  We need a teacher.
l  She can speak five languages.
m  I work in Bristol.
n  You can play tennis.
o  They swim very well.
p  She buys everything.
q  He always pays everything for her.
r  They want to stay at home.
s  Margaret is very fond of classical music.
t  There is a lot of bread.
u  They keep on talking all the time.
v  I can speak and write German.
w  They've got a bad reputation.
x  She plays chess every week.
y  We hate drinking whisky.
z  She feels very lonely.

7  Example: (irregular verbs; see the list provided in unit 8, and unit 7, part 3.)
   I had to do it. (infinitive: have; simple past: had)
   I didn't have (infinitive) to do it/I did not have to do it.
   Did I have (infinitive) to do it?

a  Mary went to the ball.
b  They made coffee.
c  I saw you yesterday.
d  My computer broke down.
e  They overslept yesterday morning.

8  Example: (regular verbs; see unit unit 7, part 3.)
   It killed (simple past) the fly.
   It didn't kill (infinitive) the fly/It did not kill the fly.
   Did it kill (infinitive) the fly?

a  John and Margaret enjoyed Tom's speeches.
b  It rained cats and dogs yesterday.
c  They opened the window.
d  She passed her examinations.
e  He used to knock his children about.

9  Example: (I, he, she, it was; you, we, they were; see unit 6, part 1, section 2.)
   I was exhausted.
   I wasn't exhausted/I was not exhausted.
   Was I exhausted?

a  There were two rivers.
b  There was a cup of tea on the table.
c  He was my best friend.
d  They were dancing when I saw them.
e  You were very cruel to animals.

10 Revision exercise.
a  Tim broke the window.
b  Jane listens to music every evening.
c  It's bucketing down.
d  We can park here.
e  She's got a black eye.
f  He denies it.
g  They got married last year.
h  They came here yesterday.
i  She fried two eggs.
j  He helped her with her homework.
k  They wanted to beat him up.
l  They robbed me yesterday.
m  They take care of Jennifer.
n  There was an armchair.
o  They look down on him.
p  I was fast asleep.
q  His grandmother was wide awake when he came home last night.
r  I ran into Peter last Monday.
s  She always looks ahead.
t  They steal cassette-players from cars.
u  They are looking into the matter carefully.
v  I came across these documents yesterday.
w  We ran out of petrol.
x  She slept very well.
y  It fell to pieces.
z  There were plenty of mines in the area.

11 Example: (he, she it has; other persons, have; see unit 6, part 4, section 9, and unit 7, parts 5 and 6.)
   They've been ill/They have been ill since the day before yesterday.
   They haven't been ill/They have not been ill since the day before yesterday.
   Have they been ill since the day before yesterday?

a  She has been living here since she was born.
b  You've made a mistake.
c  He has arrived.
d  It's gone sour.
e  We've been longing to get divorced for the last few months.

Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

Pages: 1, 2 and the key

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con las unidades de esta sección para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera. En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 25 euros.





1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)

3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)

4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)

5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)

6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)

7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)

8  Irregular verbs

9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)

10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)

11 The genitive case (the key)

12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)

13 Gender (the key)

14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)

16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)

17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)

18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

19 Adjective order (the key)

20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)

21 Do and make (the key)

22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)

24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)

25 Passive sentences (the key)

26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)

27 Purpose (the key)

28 Word order (the key)

29 Inversion (the key)

30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)

31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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