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Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)

 

     UNIT 24 - The key
     CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

PART 1

1 a catches; makes b put; melts1 c is; listens d are; is e rains; go

2 a Do not2 drive; are b Do not tell; do not want c are not; help d Do not eat; are e Do not add; do not want

3 a present; will/shall see b put; will it be c let; will/shall no longer rely d break; will suffer e will/shall give; decide

4 a has b tell c want d does not improve e asks

5 a is not snowing; will show b have not finished c come; will/shall be cooking d have been studying/have studied e does not deceive me; will/shall have been married

6 a are b boils and evaporates; is c are; you will get/you get d is still raining e have saved f will/shall lend; pay g will/shall stay; do not make h will/shall go; pay i tell; will go j see; will you do k gets; arrive l play m have not done n pour; will sack o takes p comes; will/shall have q talk; will regret r want s take; will/shall reward t do not mind u (should) happen; tell v will tell w Close; are x do not preserve; will/shall destroy y Do not stick; do not want z hitch-hike; will not/shall not give

7 a had; would be b were not/was not3 raining; would/should drop c were/was; would/should leave d were; would you do e failed; would you jump

8 a had not been drizzling; would/should have taken b had not overbid; would/should have bought c had not underbid; would/should have obtained d had reset; would not have been e had sat; would have been

9 a had not slung; would not be b had not rent; would use c had not concealed; would not be d were/was; would have told/would tell e had not come; would not be running

10 a have already finished; don't we take b feel/are feeling; don't you lie c knew; did you try d were; did you wait; didn't you tell e realised; did you believe

11 a (should) happen; let b should come/comes; tell c (should) receive d should let/lets; ring e (should) come; telephone

12 a had slung; would not have creased b had set; would not have overslept c had not shrieked; would not have discovered d were/was; would not be; would be e had not scored; would probably not have won/probably would not have won f were not/was not; would g had not drunk; would have felt/would not have been feeling; would not have had; would be h had married; would/should have had i rains/should rain; bring j had made; would not have talked k do not keep; will spoil l leave; will/shall reach m would have drowned n would be dead o were/was p raise q were; didn't you stop and sleep r tell; usually finds s Do not make t had; would work u did not spoil; would not do v (should) see; will/shall give w happens/will happen; press; will stop (or would happen; pressed; would stop) x do not slow; will never recover; is; do not slow y had known; would/should have prepared z had not given; would be

13 a like b would like c like d like e would like

14 a Were I b Were I c Should you require d Had you applied e Had you informed

15 a will not start; use b will/would hold; shall/will see; is c will skip; will fail d will/shall buy; will leave e should/would be; would keep

16 a In case of b If c In case of d If e in case

17 a If we do not eradicate famine from the world, many people will continue dying of hunger/Either we eradicate...or many people will continue.../We must eradicate...world, otherwise many people will continue... b If you do not submit your application forwith, it will not be accepted/You submit..., or (else) it will not.../You submit..., otherwise it will not... c If you give me a hand, I'll give you... d If you do not study hard, you won't pass/You'll have to study hard, or (else) you won't pass/Either you study hard or you won't pass e If you don't put some petrol now, we will run out/Put some petrol now, otherwise we'll run out/Either you put some petrol now or we'll run out

18 a were/was; would/should not breathe b were/was not; would/should leave c wait; will get d (should) see e go; will overshoot f will/shall not miss g had arrived; would have destroyed h had not charged; would go i like j would like k had not blackmailed; would/should not have done l will/would sign; shall/will see m will not lend n were/was; would/should take o Were I; should/would follow p Should you require; let q are you r haven't you bought s do not rush; will/shall not finish t were/was not; would respect u do not wish v does not stop; will fill w eat x did not proofread; would be y asks/should ask; tell z did not have/had not; did you tell

PART 2

1 (suggested answers) a I'd have lost a fortune b why did you sign it? c we will seize his bank accounts d I'd shut up e (that) you don't tell dad f you pay attention to my explanation g we would never have been able to explain the causes of the crime h she were not so unfriendly i do not hesitate to contact us j I can lend you one k I can lend you a racket l I were rich m you could take me home now n you'd have fixed it in the twinkling of an eye o you will not be allowed to go on the school trip p what would you do? q will get very good marks r we had arrived earlier s I saw a ghost t she had studied harder u you stay for such a long time in the sun v what would they do? w I arrive home late x you'd feel much better y the police would have informed us about it z I'd have come and see you last night

2 (suggested answers) a his sentence would have been reduced b I'll be able to see you every single day c wouldn't be crying d I'd take you a photo e don't get in the house f you keep it secret g you take your car h I would have failed the exam i I'll take them j nobody will believe you k please let me know l he would not accept/take the job m you hadn't asked her to n I'll wash up o why did you offer her to work with you p I would flee the country to avoid being caught by the police q I'd have forgiven him r I'd send for/call the police at once s put him to bed/send him to bed t I would not sleep with him/her u it won't crease v he wouldn't have fallen for me w nobody would have laughed at you x you'd have passed y I'd be the wisest person on earth z I won't go out with you

PART 3

1 a If you don't stop winding the clock, you'll overwind it4 b If he hadn't thrust at her with a machete, she wouldn't have shot him dead c This frying pan wouldn't have gone rusty if you had left it to drain when you last washed it d If I had attended the meeting, they would have tried to involve me in their shady business e If you had turned up at the party, she wouldn't have been/got/become annoyed (with you) f If I hadn't taken off my shoes, I'd have woken up my parents g If you get home late (once) again, you won't get any pocket money h If you had eaten your supper, you could/would watch the telly this evening i If you don't give up smoking, you'll die in less than a year j If she hadn't been ill in bed, she would have come to your date k If you let me drive, I'll give you a kiss l If there's a theft, call the police at once m If he hadn't been near and hadn't been able to defuse the bomb, somebody might/would have been hurt n If I hadn't been left of centre, I'd have got the job o If you tell me that again, I'll break your neck p If I had slept last night, I wouldn't be so tired (now) q If we hadn't missed the bus, we wouldn't have to wait till tomorrow r If you help us out, we'll repay you s If I show you a photograph of her, will this jog your memory? t If you don't put these things away, you won't have anything for dessert u If my father hadn't been in high spirits, I wouldn't have asked him to let me come back home late v If it rains this afternoon, we won't be able to climb/go climbing w If I hadn't been as sober as a judge when the police stopped me, they would have fined me x If we don't hire a taxi, we'll miss the basketball final y If she hadn't lost faith in him, she'd have told him everything about the matter z If he hadn't fallen for her, he wouldn't have believed her

2 a If it hadn't been for you piece of advice, we wouldn't have been able to do it b If you had been looking where you were going, you wouldn't have trodden in a puddle c If you hadn't told her that she should go on a diet, she might not have got cross with you d If it weren't raining, we would go for a walk e If we don't leave now, we won't be punctual f If you had been a good boy, you'd watch telly tonight g If you don't come on time, I won't wait for you h If you hadn't sticked your neck out by telling the boss he was wrong, you wouldn't be fired now i If Brazil hadn't won against England, England would have more chance/quite a good chance/a better chance of qualifying for the final j If we lose the match against Greece, we'll be eliminated from the competition (= There is a possibility that we lose the match against Greece)/If we lost the match against Greece, we'd be eliminated from the competition (I do not think we will lose the match against Greece) k If Italy beats Brazil, things will be easier for us (This is possible)/If Italy beat Brazil, things would be easier for us (This is less possible) l If you finish your dinner, I'll take you to the zoo tomorrow m If you work overtime this week, I'll give you next Monday off n If there is/there should be a robbery, contact us immediately o If you hadn't skipped most of your classes, you wouldn't have failed p If I give you a hundred pounds, will this refresh your memory? q If you eat between meals, you'll get fat r If she hadn't seen a viper on her bed, she would not have scream with terror s If he hadn't rung off, she could/would have explained herself t If you breathe deeply, you'll feel the clean air in the country coming into your lungs u If he weren't/wasn't so straightforward, she wouldn't like him so much v If you don't have a child, you can't understand how rewarding a experience/what a rewarding experience it is w If our children don't study our mother language, it will die out x If you were stuck up, what would you do y If he hadn't had/If he didn't have (or "hadn't") qualities of leadership, he wouldn't have got the job z If I had a higher/better salary, it wouldn't be so difficult to make both ends meet

____________________
1  A future tense, instead of a present tense, is possible for universal facts, but it is not so common. I shall only include the commoner alternative in this key, that is, the one in the present tense.
2  Contractions may be used.
3  Was (not) is informal.
4  The conditional clause may be placed after the main one: You'll overwind the clock if they don't stop winding it. The same applies to the other answers in this part.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1, 2 and the key

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con las unidades de esta sección para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera. En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 25 euros.

 

   Contents

   Introduction

   Notes

1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)

3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)

4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)

5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)

6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)

7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)

8  Irregular verbs

9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)

10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)

11 The genitive case (the key)

12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)

13 Gender (the key)

14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)

16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)

17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)

18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

19 Adjective order (the key)

20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)

21 Do and make (the key)

22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)

24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)

25 Passive sentences (the key)

26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)

27 Purpose (the key)

28 Word order (the key)

29 Inversion (the key)

30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)

31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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