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Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)

 

     UNIT 23 - The key
     INFINITIVES, GERUNDS AND PRESENT PARTICIPLES

1 a to scoff b to wear c scold d to have; to do e have to teach

2 a to have; to play b to ride c to exaggerate d to meet e to accept; to co-operate

3 a not to see b to give c to pay d not to be e to interrupt

4 a to climb b to beat c to remain d to attack e to forgive

5 a having b going c conjure d dance e cheating

6 a escape b to tell c put d to let e let f breathe g to do h to lodge i burning j to come k to clean l to do m to have n to rain o to attend p to keep q to insult r crawling s to gain t to let him live u to drink v move/moving w to go x to come y to squabble z to become

7 a to take1 b to take c taking d revising e working

8 a (who is/are) walking b (who is) talking c (who is) sitting d (who is) eating e (which is) peeing

9 a caressing b parking c waiting d playing e reading

10 a to fix b mend c to help d working e listening

11 a to get b to poke c to hide d to see e to make

12 a to knock b get; to stop c to check d to overthrow e to get f giving (ie, they caught him red-handed)/to give (ie, they arrived at that conclusion after investigating the matter carefully) g to skip h to throw i (who is) sitting j not to go k slowing l get; to paint m have; paper n to go; make o to take p getting q to challenge r to remake; to get s consuming t to consume u to take v to outshine w gawping x to kick y toadying z to suck

13 a to take b to swim c to go d to talk e to spend

14 a marrying b riding c eating d talking e doing

15 a walking; hearing; singing b thinking; resitting c starting d working; loving e Being

16 a would like to have gone/would have liked to go/would have liked to have gone b be typed c have been kissing d have behaved; have been expelled e be helping

17 a Having destroyed b getting c Being sacked/Having been sacked d robbing/having robbed e having spoken/speaking

18 a revising/to be revised b pruning/to be pruned c ironing/to be ironed d letting/to be let e repairing/to be repaired spoken/speaking

19 a to buy b buying c wait; to be; getting d Swimming e spending; driving f watching g taking/to be taken h burgling i to change j to accompany k writing l to blow m to redraw; to lose; talking; get n to get ("getting" would also be possible, but "to get" is much better) o analising; teasing p letting/to be let q painting r to rescue s working t drinking u Realising/Having realised v leaving/having left w to be x to contact y frying z say

20 a cutting b cheating c delivering d to be e putting

21 a to keep b Having c to take ("taking" is less usual) d Driving e Smoking

22 a to meet b to get/getting c to abolish/abolishing d to see/seeing e to rain/raining; to walk/walking

23 a to come b to take c taking/to take d to disturb e to go

24 a to give b to say c spending d to feed e to buy

25 a breaking b turning/to be turned c to go; to get d stirring/having stirred e to spot f meeting g chopping h to eat i eating/to eat j interrupting k Playing l to win; playing; to play (or less usual "playing") m to have; to know n to put o to announce; be; take; be; have; to be; to offer p running/having run; resist q Having convinced; to let; go r being s having t wearing u watching v doing; reading; watching w to be studying x cheating y investing z worry

26 a to frighten b dismissing; employing c leaving d to mean e to take

27 a to tell (rather than "of telling") b of having c seeing d to eat e for arriving/for having arrived/to have arrived

28 a drinking b smoking c hitting d having e increasing

29 a To be b To tell c To be d To be e To put

30 a playing b to go hiking c going rambling ("to go rambling" is possible, but far less usual) d to tell e moving (or less usual "having moved"); living f taking/to be taken g Polluting; destroying h to cut/cutting i To put j finding; go and tell; make k drowning; clutch l to eradicate; losing m to put n like; wandering o polishing; look p be; your reading/(for you) to read; learn q to learn r be; ashamed of yourself for getting/ ashamed of getting; to have; to have; living s to bother t bothering; to tell u to understand; trying to rob v teach; to mend w chatting; chatting; talking x to blame; doing y go climbing; of falling z to say; to build

____________________
1  See unit 22, section 36 (footnote) in the key.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1, 2 and the key

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con las unidades de esta sección para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera. En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 25 euros.

 

   Contents

   Introduction

   Notes

1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)

3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)

4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)

5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)

6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)

7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)

8  Irregular verbs

9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)

10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)

11 The genitive case (the key)

12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)

13 Gender (the key)

14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)

16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)

17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)

18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

19 Adjective order (the key)

20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)

21 Do and make (the key)

22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)

24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)

25 Passive sentences (the key)

26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)

27 Purpose (the key)

28 Word order (the key)

29 Inversion (the key)

30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)

31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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