Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)
Make questions for the answers given.
I enjoy reading romantic poets.
What poets do you enjoy reading?
(what + a noun)
I like this car.
Which car do you like?
(which + a noun)
The man with a scar on his cheek is the killer.
Which of them is the killer?
(which of + a pronoun or a determiner + a noun→these people)
We use what
when we are talking in a general sense, and which
, when we are choosing between something, although which
is usually preferred to refer to people in a formal style, even when the sense is general: Which poets
do you enjoy reading?
In the last example, however, which of
is the only possibility. If we do not wish to use which of
, we have to use who
: Who is the killer?
Yet, there is a slight difference in meaning. Who
normally conveys the idea of unlimited choice, and which of
, of a restricted one. Another alternative to this is to remove the preposition of
and the object pronoun (or the determiner plus the noun): Which is the killer?
It is also possible to use which one
: Which one (= Which car) do you like? One
is sometimes dropped:
—Which do you like?
—I like the red one.
Compare this question with What do you like?
This is an open question, that is to say, without any restriction. A possible answer to this question could be I like cars and good food
. Note also that both which + a noun
and what + a noun
can act as subjects:
—Which car broke down?
—What name was mentioned there?
—The name of a town, I think.
I love the blonde
b The girl with short hair
is of humble origins.
I hate slow
I want the red
I usually listen to rock and roll
14 Revision exercise.
The Ebro River flows into the Mediterranean Sea
BBC stands for British Broadcasting Corporation
I'm heading for Rome
She repeated the same thing over and over again
. (Use how often
I'm very keen on having a baby
No, they weren't all the time sticking their noses in.
Yes, I've combed my hair, mummy.
I got this pair of nutcrackers from your mother
person is guilty.
people are guilty.
are very industrious insects.
I need three
n Hundreds of
people are dying of hunger.
Our father is taller than yours
p My stepmother
noticed the lack of water.
I envy Clare
I'm thinking of building a hut
No, we weren't snowblind.
She learnt the meaning of being poor when her father died
Yes, this is liable to some changes.
It's half past twelve.
You'll find her at Tom's party
No, it isn't ten past five.
We train twice a week
We enjoyed the countryside
I'm going to Cardiff by taxi.
How are you going to Cardiff?
I escaped from prison by climbing over the wall.
How did you escape from prison?
I spell it C-Y-R-I-L.
How do you spell your name?
I always travel by plane
She convinced her father by telling him a pack of lies
I'm going in Tom's car
They made it with great efforts
She came here on foot
She is very well.
How is she?
She is tall and pretty.
What is she like?/What does she look like?
She is very friendly.
What is she like?
Life is very hard (for me nowadays).
How is life?
The play was very boring.
(I did not like it.)
How was the play?
This play is very good.
(People say that it is very good.)
What is the play like?
It is very cold today.
What is the weather like?
(How is the weather?
is possible, but probably less usual.)
My great-grandfather is very ill
getting on very well
The novel is terrible
(although many critics say that it is very good).
The theatre is very old
My girl-friend is very attractive
17 Revision exercise.
She's looking at Charles
His mother is very nice
It happened without even being aware of the danger
They are eighteen years
They came here on their bikes
The room is eighty metres
That cabbage patch is quite
It was very hot
He is very ugly
He's writing a letter
Yes, her clothes are weird.
No, I can't go on with our relationship.
I want to become a pop star
Yes, she uncovered her face.
I'm waiting for Martha
No, that stain won't come out.
They are going to take him home
I bribed the jury
with a million pounds.
I'm leaving at noon
Yes, he likes almonds.
Molly is in a bad mood
No, he didn't lose his temper.
There are two
I like that
of us kept our word.
He found her at the water's edge
I know that because I've seen it with my own eyes.
How do you know that?
He's sad because she doesn't want to see him any more.
Why is he sad?
I can't go out with you any longer because my parents don't allow me to see you again
We failed our examinations because we didn't study
I can remember all the words she said because I wrote them down, and learnt them by heart afterwards
They stood up because their teacher entered the classroom
He smashed the car into a wall because he was driving too fast
This pen is mine.
Whose is this pen?
This is my pen.
Whose pen is this?
The above questions mean the same.
I borrowed my father's
I brought Pamela's
That is his
These are my
This umbrella is hers
20 Revision exercise.
There is plenty of
There were plenty of
No, I don't want to stick to these rules.
I got rid of those old shoes because I was sick and tired of them
Yes, I realised it at once.
These coats are theirs
Yes, these coats are theirs.
It was Peter's
No, it wasn't Peter's fault.
I feel awful
I can sing very
He is ten
Yes, their children are running wild.
wasn't invited to the fashion parade.
This manure is for the tomato plants
I've got an English class at five o'clock
Yes, you should opt for taking swimming lessons.
You have to select a candidate
He beat me by playing dirty tricks.
They are fine
, thank you.
He is slim and short
I know it straight from the horse's mouth
I like this
My motorbike is very
He went out with Caroline
They imposed a curfew
How ever did you find my house?
(= How on earth
did you find my house?)
Who ever did you go out with?
(= Who on earth
did you go out with?)
is an emphatic word added to some wh- question words
. It tells us the speaker's reaction to something.
I failed my literature paper because I got very nervous
They will repair the oven tomorrow
I have come here because I feel very miserable
Mary has hidden under the bed
I've seen a monster
Exclamations express strong emotions. An exclamation can be formed by only a noun, a verb, or any other word or words that may be able to show our reaction to something:
Damn! I've lost her for good.
Slowly! You're going to break it!
Not on your nelly!
Come on! Get moving!
How dare you say that to me!
Go to hell!
Lucky you!/How lucky (you are)!
Blow it! They've already left.
Oh, blast (it)! I've forgotten to give her a ring.
"Women are more intelligent than men."
"That's all rubbish! Men and women have the same intelligence."
Ugh! What's this!
My Goodness!/Goodness me!
Good(ness) gracious!/Gracious me!
Shame on you!
You've brought shame/disgrace on our family!/You've shamed our family!
How tall (she is)!
(how + adjective)
How fast (she runs)!
(how + adverb)
What a beautiful horse!
(what + a singular noun)
What lovely music!
(what + an uncoutable noun)
What handsome boys!
(what + a plural noun)
Add an exclamation to each of these situations.
You see a very pretty girl or a good-looking boy.
We are expecting a baby.
I have finished my studies.
I want to kiss you.
Your daughter's room is in a terrible mess.
You can no longer stand your boy-friend/girl-friend. He/She has done something you detest, which is the last straw that breaks the camel's back.
Your brother has run your car into a shop window.
Your fifteen-year-old daughter tells you that she is pregnant.
A friend of yours tells you that he/she has won one thousand pounds in a raffle.
You have just brought a bottle of a very expensive wine home, but you forgot to buy a corkscrew.
You have lost your wallet/purse.
A boy/girl insults you.
You pinch your forefinger in a door.
Somebody pricks you with a pin.
You are a sergeant and your soldiers are very slow.
You try some soup that tastes awful.
What do you say to a person you do not want to see?
What do you say when you see some beautiful countryside?
What do you tell someone who is talking a lot of crap?
You see a lorry and a train colliding with each other.
You have failed your driving-test.
Somebody tells you that men are superior to women.
You see a very ugly person.
Your workmate asks you to work on Sundays, but you do not want to. What do you say to him?
Your daughter does something that you think is very disgraceful.
What does a captain say when he orders his men to stop shooting?
Compare the following:
The Turners live in this house.
Who lives in this house?
Patrick's children are in hospital.
Which children are in hospital?
Who is in hospital?
Romantic writers were fascinated by the supernatural.
What/Which writers were fascinated by the supernatural?
This is her notebook.
Which notebook is hers?/Which is her notebook?
See unit 17, section 7