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Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)


     UNIT 19

   Write the adjectives given in brackets in the correct order.

1  Example:
   a black English wooden tea spoon2

   When we have several adjectives, they are placed in the following order: colour + origin + material + purpose + the noun.

a  a (transparent, sherry) ____________________ glass
b  a (evening, blue, Japanese) ____________________ dress
c  (maroon, rubber) ____________________ boots
d  a (roasting, German, stainless steel) ____________________ pan
e  a (navy blue, magazine, plastic) ____________________ rack

2  Examples:
   a tall young blonde Italian lady
   a short fat3 old man
   a big square dining room

   We generally put the adjectives referring to the age of someone or something before adjectives of colour; before adjectives of age, adjectives of shape; and before adjectives of shape, adjectives of size.

a  a (travelling, alarm, round) ____________________ clock
b  a (vegetable, huge, long, green) ____________________ trailer
c  a (round, bread, golden, wicker, big) ____________________ basket
d  a(n) (oval, small, iron) ____________________ shield
e  a (huge, bright, flying) ____________________ saucer

3  Examples:
   a gorgeous slim girl
   a beautiful long beige French silk nightdress
   a beautiful intelligent woman

   Adjectives of opinion have the most marginal position. In general, we can say that the more objective an adjective is, the nearer to the noun it comes. For instance "gorgeous" goes before "slim" because "gorgeous" expresses a quality that depends on our viewpoint: it is a more subjective adjective than "slim". This is why we may come across other adjectives positions4.

a  a(n) (exquisite, Catalan, typical) ____________________ dish
b  a (huge, lovely, green) ____________________ garden
c  a (depressing, solitary) ____________________ mansion
d  a (young, cheerful, tall) ____________________ man
e  a(n) (delightful, small, Andalusian) ____________________ patio

4  Complete the following table:

   size                   noun

5  Examples:
   He's fair, short and ugly.
   He's an ugly short fair boy.
   a black-and-white film5/a film in black and white
   a violet and red wall/a red and violet wall
   an attractive (and) beautiful Portuguese girl

   Predicative adjectives6 are generally joined by "and", as in the first example. None the less, we sometimes omit it in order to give more speed to the text. Attributive adjectives are not normally linked by "and", unless they express a similar quality. In this case, it is also left out at times, as in the last instance.

a  (red, yellow) ____________________ roses
b  He seems to be (intelligent, friendly, noble) ____________________
c  a (good-looking, pleasant, tall, slim) ____________________ woman
d  a (brown, Castilian, white) ____________________ horse
e  a (plastic, TV, metal) ____________________ aerial

6  Revision exercise.
a  a (rectangular, cream, modern) ____________________ bathroom
b  (silken, pretty, long) ____________________ hair
c  a (dreadful, pink, old) ____________________ chinawear
d  a (processing, new, central, tiny) ____________________ unit
e  a (tired, local, camera) ____________________ crew
f  (vast, green, beautiful) ____________________ plains
g  a (vegetable, large, Greek) ____________________ trailer
h  a (middle-aged, good-looking, black, pop) ____________________ star
i  a (traffic, two-hour) ____________________ jam
j  a (dangerous, New York, gloomy) ____________________ alleyway
k  a(n) (brand-new, sports, mustard, American) ____________________ car
l  a (fantastic, delightful) ____________________ evening
m  You look very (pretty, elegant) ____________________ on that dress.
n  a (toilet, horrible, lilac) ____________________ bag.
o  a(n) (enormous, sky-blue, round) ____________________ spaceship
p  the (wonderful, colourful) ____________________ scenery
q  a(n) (old, breakdown, red, white) ____________________ truck
r  a (leather, brown, pretty, turquoise) ____________________ handbag
s  a(n) (long-distance, obstacle) ____________________ course
t  a (country, magnificent) ____________________ house
u  a (tangerine, silk, lime, dreadful) ____________________ shirt
v  a pair of (Catalan, expensive) ____________________ mocassins
w  a(n) (ice, peach, modern) ____________________ bucket
x  a(n) (Chinese, blue, dining, oval) ____________________ table
y  a pair of (cheap, football, black, yellow) ____________________ boots
z  (horror, Gothic, late-night) ____________________ films

1  Other alternatives to the adjective order given below are sometimes found. See section 3 in this unit.
2  A comma may also be used to separate the adjectives: A black, English, wooden, tea spoon.
3  Note that short (adjective of length) goes before fat (adjective of width).
4  Compare the following:
     a demanding young mother (= a young mother who is demanding)
     a young demanding mother (= a demanding mother who is young)
   However, you cannot say a young beautiful mother, but a beautiful young mother.
5  Note the usage of the hyphens in attributive position. All the same, you can leave them out as well.
6  The order of adjectives does not really matter in predicative position.

Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

Pages: 1 and the key

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con las unidades de esta sección para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera. En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 25 euros.





1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)

3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)

4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)

5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)

6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)

7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)

8  Irregular verbs

9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)

10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)

11 The genitive case (the key)

12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)

13 Gender (the key)

14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)

16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)

17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)

18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

19 Adjective order (the key)

20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)

21 Do and make (the key)

22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)

24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)

25 Passive sentences (the key)

26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)

27 Purpose (the key)

28 Word order (the key)

29 Inversion (the key)

30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)

31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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