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Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)


     UNIT 26 - The key

1 a The man said (that) the train left in ten minutes b He said (that) that evening they played at home, but (that) the following/next week1 they played away c They said (that) it was no use investing more money in the company d She said (that) she was astounded to hear such remarks e She said (that) stress underlay many diseases of modern times

2 a He said to me/He told me (that) they were going from bad to worse b She said that things were looking up c He said to them/He told them (that) they were always moaning and groaning d He said (that) she was wearing a pair of blue jeans and a black blouse e She said (that) she was having an important appointment in fifteen minutes

3 a She told me/She said to me (that) she had purchased a mansion b They answered (that) they had run ten kilometres so far c She said (that) she hadn't finished reading the book yet d He told Mrs Smith/He said to Mrs Smith (that) her daughter had not come to class that day e He added that it was the second time she hadn't come to class that week

4 a He remarked that they had been trafficking in stolen good for over ten years b They said (that) they had been walking for two hours without stopping c His mother said (that) he had been learning Arabic for two years d He said (that) it had been snowing for the last two hours e She said angrily that they had been pulling her leg since they (had) arrived there

5 a She said (that) that morning she had been late because she had got stuck in heavy traffic b He said (that) they had suffered a defeat against Germany, since/as/because Germany had won by two goals to one c They said (that) he had set his vicious dog on them d They admitted (that) they had learnt a sharp lesson from the/that experience e He declared that he hadn't committed the crime

6 a He said (that) she was sitting on a bench when he saw her b He said (that) he was sunbathing when it started to cloud over c He said (that) he had gone/went out of the cinema before the film had been/was over, as/since/because he hadn't liked the film at all d They said (that) the reason why they hadn't bought the house was because it was in ruins e They added that it was also too far from the city centre

7 a He said (that) he had never done such a thing in his life b They said (that) they had always known that/it c I said (that) I had just left them at home d He said that he had always wanted a car like that e She said (that) they had always longed for a house of their own

8 a They said (that) they had been picking apples for over a month b He said that somebody had been eating his homemade pastries c Their mother said (that) they had been taking driving recently d The colonel said that somebody had been giving secret information to the enemy e She said (that) she had been teaching French for a long time

9 a My employer said (that) I could take the day off b He admmitted (that) I might be right c They promised (that) they wouldn't do it again d The old man said angrily that they would pay for it e He told his wife (that) he couldn't live without her

10 a She said (that) she wouldn't have left her car unlocked b She said (that) I might have been hurt c His mother said (that) they ought to have phoned them up d He said (that) they could have got lost e They said (that) they used to play truant

11 a He added that we are a past result b He said (that) he had broken my beer glass c She said (that) she couldn't abide him, as/since/because he was so/very selfish d He said (that) it was no good talking about the/that issue e We told John/We said to John (that) we would go with him f Her husband said (that) after taking two glasses of whisky, she (had) unbent a little g He said (that) he had had a hunch that she would come with him h She said (that) it/that would create a precedent i I assure you that what I have just done will establish a precedent j He remarked that he had been thinking of getting rid of his cottage, but that he (had) changed his mind when he realised that it would double its value in a few years k He said that when he mentioned his boss that he was very left, it was like a red rag to a bull, as/since/because he is/was a right-wing extremist l He pointed out that it was getting late m He told me (that) he was of humble birth, but (that) his girl-friend was of noble birth n I said to John/I told John (that) the previous year/the year before I was still at the high school o He remarked that it had gone ten p She said (that) she was sorry, but (that) she would be on duty then q He said (that) she would like to cash some traveller's cheques r He said (that) he had switched on the ignition, but (that) the car wouldn't start s She said (that) she would have to go to Germany the next/following summer to polish up her German t She said (that) she had bought it in a DIY shop the previous week/the week before u They said (that) they had never seen the sea before v They said (that) they couldn't come then/at that moment, as/since/because they were very busy w She said (that) they had no time to lose, as/since/because time was pressing x She said (that) she had had a terrible backache the previous night/the night before, but (that) she had rubbed some medicinal oil that she had just bought into her back, and (that) then/at that moment the pain had worn off y He said (that) his heart was/had been in his mouth when he received their letter, as/since/because he had been waiting for an answer to his application for the job z I said to him/I told him (that) I had taken his by mistake

12 a She asked (me) what was wrong with me/She wanted to know2 what was wrong with me b They asked (me) if/whether I had ever been to Alaska c He enquired/asked where I had picked up that bit of information d She asked (me) if/whether I had seen her eyeliner anywhere e She asked who lived next door

13 a They asked (us) what we were talking about b We answered (that) we were talking about politics c She said (that) the death penalty should be abolished everywhere d He inquired/asked what the purpose of our stay there was e I asked (her) when she was going to tell him f She said (that) her dog had been run over by a lorry the night before/the previous night g He asked his secretary if/whether she could bring him the files he needed h They said (that) they used to live in a large house when they were in Glasgow i He said that when he entered the house, he found her tied up in the kitchen, so he unbound her j She said (that) they might have heard me k They asked us if/whether we could direct them to Piccadilly Circus l They asked if/whether there was a bank near there m He asked where Park Lane was n He wondered if/whether there was any use his explaining everything to them o She said (that) asking her father to give you money was like trying to get blood out of a stone p He asked what the use of insulting them was, as/since/ because it would only make things worse q She asked (me) what had happened to me two days before r He wondered how many hours of hard work would be needed s He inquired/asked how many cans of beer she had bought t She answered that twenty u She said (that) she had just got cramp in her leg/She said (that) she had got cramp in her leg a moment before v He said (that) his foot had gone to sleep w He asked what time it was/He asked the time x He told Delia/He said to Delia (that) they couldn't do without her the following/next day y He asked (me) how I had got away with the money z He said angrily that they had been playing that horrendous music for hours on end, and (that) he wished they would stop playing it

14 a The priest told his parishioner to say five Hail Marys and two Our Fathers for his/her sins b The dying man warned us to beware of vampires c The captain ordered his men to cease fire d She advised/told me not to give up e He pleaded with her not to kill him

15 a She ordered me to take them there at once b He said (that) he hadn't slept a wink the previous night/the night before, as/since/because he had had an awful stomack-ache the whole night c He begged/told me not to put on the TV, as/since/because he had a terrible headache d She told Peter/She said to Peter that his shoelace had come lose, and advised him to do it up before he had an accident e He inquired/asked how much milk was produced there f She warned him not to go there all on his own g He asked (me) if/whether I could tell him where the post office was h He said to them/He told them (that) she had snuffed it the previous year/the year before, and (that) they should have come to see her as soon as they received her letter, as/since/because she would have like to talk to them before kicking the bucket i She said (that) she had lost the top of her pen, and asked (me) if/whether I had seen it anywhere j She begged her mother to sit down k He told/advised me not to drink any more l My mother told/advised me to stop eating chocolates, as/since/because I was putting on weight m He asked them how long they had been in New York n She said (that) her husband had been knocked over by a van two days before, but (that), fortunately, he hadn't been seriously hurt o He inquired/asked how many people came/went to the/that place every day p They asked her if/whether she was attending evening classes q She asked him to stop nosing around in her room r He said (that) he could smell of burning, and asked if/whether there was anything on the stove s They said (that) she had miracously vanished when they looked for her/They said that when they looked for her, she had miracously vanished t He warned/told me not wash the/that beige blouse in hot water, as/since/because it would fade u She responded that it was easier said than done v They said (that) their car had seen better days, but (that) they hadn't/didn't have enough money to buy a new one, so they would have to do with it w She begged/asked/told me to bring/take her some water x He said (that) they wouldn't be coming the following/next morning, as/since/because their father was terribly ill y They told me not to pry into their affairs z He asked whose the/that lighter was/whose lighter it/that was

16 a She asked me my age b His father reminded him to phone them when he arrived c She invited me to come to the theatre with her d She suggested going to the zoo/She suggested that we should go to the zoo e He advised her not to take sleeping pills

17 a He said (that) it was time they went home b They said to/told her (that) they would rather she stayed there c They said (that) she behaved as if she were going to win the beauty constest d He said (that) he wished he could change her mind e She said (that) she wished they hadn't closed the/that street

18 a She said to/She told them (that) if she had had the money, she would have lent it to them b She said (that) if they gave her the grant, she would lend me the money I needed c He said (that) if she were put behind bars, he would wait for her d He said (that) if he hadn't had such a bad cough, he wouldn't have stayed in bed e They asked her what she would do if she were to win the lottery

19 a The sergeant said (that) they had to/must/would have to reatreat as their men were falling like flies b She asked her mother if/whether she was to do/had to do the shopping c The teacher said that I was not to skip/must not skip any classes from then on/The teacher told me not to skip any classes from then on d He said (that) I needn't have washed the dishes, as/since/because the dishwasher could have done it e Her grandmother said that when her father came, she was to/must/would have to tell him what she had just told her

20 a He thanked me (effusively) b She suggested going for a swim in the sea/She suggested that they should go for a swim in the sea c She asked Paul for a cigarette/She asked Paul if he could give her a cigarette, as/since/because she had run out d She said to/She told her pupils (that) they needn't do/didn't need to do/didn't have to do all the exercises for the following/next day e They said (that) their morale was fading away as they were getting further ahead f She advised them to take things easy/She said to them/She told them that they ought to take things easy g She reminded them (that) the/that street had been blocked off that afternoon h She said (that) I looked as if a monster had attacked me i She asked a man in the street (if he had) the time j She said (that) she wished she could stop time, as/since/because it went by too quickly k She said (that) her husband ate like a horse and drank like a fish, and advised me not to invite him for dinner at that restaurant, as/since/because it would cost me a fortune l His mother reminded him to meet her at the airport m She pointed out that she would like to find out what lay behind all the/that matter n She whispered in her girlfriend's ear that he was really good-looking o She said (that) she would marry him if he asked her to/She said that if she asked her to marry, she would, as/since/because she was head over heels in love with him p She offered me a coke q He asked (her) for advice/He asked her advice r She asked her father if she had to/was to do the cooking that night s He wanted me/He asked me to give him another chance, but I said (that) I couldn't, as/since/because it was already too late t Her doctor advised her not to overeat/Her doctor said that she must not/was not to overeat, as/since/because she needed to lose weight urgently u He advised her to go to university/He said to her/He told her that if he were in her shoes, he would go to university v Alan said that if she did not turn up soon, they would have to/must continue without her w He said (that) I needn't/didn't have to/didn't need to answer him that day, as/since/because I could do it the following/next day x He said (that) his wife's physical beauty might have faded, but not her inner beauty, as/since/because she would always be the most beautiful person on earth y They told him not to be such a wimp z She said (that) it was time she gave them a piece of her mind

1  When there are many alternatives, I shall only mention one or two in this key so as to save space, since this does not present any difficulty: you just have to look at the table for the other ones.
2  We can replace "ask" with "want to know". So as to save space, I will only use "ask", which is the commoner of the two.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1, 2 and the key

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con las unidades de esta sección para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera. En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 25 euros.





1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)

3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)

4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)

5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)

6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)

7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)

8  Irregular verbs

9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)

10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)

11 The genitive case (the key)

12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)

13 Gender (the key)

14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)

16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)

17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)

18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

19 Adjective order (the key)

20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)

21 Do and make (the key)

22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)

24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)

25 Passive sentences (the key)

26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)

27 Purpose (the key)

28 Word order (the key)

29 Inversion (the key)

30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)

31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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