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Polseguera
Some, any y every; some, any, every + -body / -one, -thing y -where (nivel medio)

 

A  Some se utiliza en oraciones afirmativas: I want some sugar. También en oraciones interrogativas que sean peticiones u ofrecimientos, o cuando esperamos una respuesta afirmativa:
      Would you like some tea?
      May I have some coffee?
      Are there some mice? I think I've just seen one.

 

B  Any se usa en oraciones interrogativas que no sean del tipo que acabamos de mencionar arriba: Did you sell any onions? También, en oracions negativas o con el significado de "cualquiera" (o "cualesquiera"):
      I don't want any milk.
      You can take any lighter you like.

 

C  Fíjese en esta tabla:

nombres contables nombres incontables
singular: a o an*
plural: some / any
 some / any
*Si la palabra siguiente comienza por sonido vocálico, hay que emplear an. Si es consonántico, a. Ejemplos: a cat , an apple.

 

D  Los compuestos de some y any actuarán de la misma manera:
      I have seen somebody.
      Have you seen anybody?
      I have not seen anybody.

 

E  Nunca haremos dos negaciones a la vez:
      I saw nothing.
      I did not see anything.
      *I did not see nothing
no se puede decir.

 

F  Si la oración tiene un sentido general, se construye sin some o any:
      I don't like meat.
      They love fast cars.
      Fruit is very good for the human body.

 

G  Every significa "cada" o "todos":
      I go there every day.
      Everybody enjoyed the party.
      Everything went wrong.
      She has been everywhere in the world.

 

     EJERCICIOS

 

1   Ponga some, any, a, an o en las oraciones siguientes:

a   There isn't __________ butter, but there's __________ cheese.
b   __________ milk is white.
c   May I have __________ apple juice?
d   'Is there __________ water left?' 'No, there isn't.'
e   Would you like __________ of these oranges?
f   There are __________ men, but there aren't __________ women.
g   Would you like __________ banana?
h   Could I have __________ sugar?
i   We haven't got __________ rice.
j   I'd like to have __________ apricot, but there aren't __________.
k   __________ dolphins are very intelligent.
l   I hate __________ skirts.

 

2   Ponga somebody, anybody, something, anything, somewhere, anywhere, nobody, nothing, nowhere, every, everything, everybody, everywhere, some, any, a o an en las oraciones siguientes:

a   The police were looking for him, but he was __________ to be found.
b   __________ guests did not come to the party.
c   They treat me very well __________ time I visit them.
d   __________loves me. I feel very miserable.
e   I want to buy __________ bread, but the baker hasn't got __________.
f   He is beloved by __________ in the village. He's always trying to help people.
g   I saw __________ at the window a moment ago. There must be __________ in the house.
h   He doesn't know __________ about cars.
i   I don't think there is __________ who can drive a lorry.
j   I have looked __________ in the house, but I haven't seen your wallet.
k   Although I was very thirsty, she gave me __________ to drink.
l   Waiter! There is __________ gnat in my soup.
m   I'd like to go __________ else.
n   I'm not hungry, so I'll eat __________.
o   Could you take me __________ nice this weekend?
p   May I have __________ to eat? I'm very hungry.
q   Would you like to go __________ else? I can take you __________.
r   Would you please stop criticising __________ I do once and for all?
s   My husband is having __________ operation next week.
t   'Have you got __________ we need?'
    'Yes, I think so. I haven't left __________ behind.'
    'I hope so. The last time we went for a picnic, you forgot to bring several things with you.'
u   As you can see, I have __________ in my pockets. They're empty.
v   __________ can do it; it is as easy as winking.
w   'Where are you going this weekend?'
    '__________. I'm staying at home.'
x    __________ she does is a piece of art. She's __________ excellent artist.
y    __________ idiot is __________ stupid.
z   __________ but you did well in the exam. You are __________ very good student.

 

CLAVE (Si hay más de una alternativa, he usado / para indicarlo.)

 

1
a   any, some
b   —
c   some
d   any
e   some
f   some, any
g   a
h   some
i   any
j   an, any
k   —
l   —

 

2
a   nowhere
b   Some
c   every
d   Nobody/No-one/No one
e   some, any
f   everybody/everyone
g   Somebody/Someone, somebody/someone
h   anything
i   anyone/anybody
j   everywhere
k   nothing
l   a
m   somewhere
n   nothing
o   somewhere
p   something
q   somewhere, anywhere
r   everything
s   an
t   everything, anything
u   nothing
v   Everybody/Everyone/Anybody/Anyone
w   Nowhere
x   Everything, an
y   An, someone/somebody
z   Nobody/No-one/No one, a

 

Autor: Miquel Molina i Diez


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