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Polseguera

Some, any y every; some, any, every + -body / -one, -thing y -where (nivel medio)

 

A  Some se utiliza en oraciones afirmativas: I want some sugar. También en oraciones interrogativas que sean peticiones u ofrecimientos, o cuando esperamos una respuesta afirmativa:
      Would you like some tea?
      May I have some coffee?
      Are there some mice? I think I've just seen one.

 

B  Any se usa en oraciones interrogativas que no sean del tipo que acabamos de mencionar arriba: Did you sell any onions? También, en oracions negativas o con el significado de "cualquiera" (o "cualesquiera"):
      I don't want any milk.
      You can take any lighter you like.

 

C  Fíjese en esta tabla:

nombres contables nombres incontables
singular: a o an*
plural: some / any
 some / any
*Si la palabra siguiente comienza por sonido vocálico, hay que emplear an. Si es consonántico, a. Ejemplos: a cat , an apple.

 

D  Los compuestos de some y any actuarán de la misma manera:
      I have seen somebody.
      Have you seen anybody?
      I have not seen anybody.

 

E  Nunca haremos dos negaciones a la vez:
      I saw nothing.
      I did not see anything.
      *I did not see nothing
no se puede decir.

 

F  Si la oración tiene un sentido general, se construye sin some o any:
      I don't like meat.
      They love fast cars.
      Fruit is very good for the human body.

 

G  Every significa "cada" o "todos":
      I go there every day.
      Everybody enjoyed the party.
      Everything went wrong.
      She has been everywhere in the world.

 

     EJERCICIOS

 

1   Ponga some, any, a, an o en las oraciones siguientes:

a   There isn't __________ butter, but there's __________ cheese.
b   __________ milk is white.
c   May I have __________ apple juice?
d   'Is there __________ water left?' 'No, there isn't.'
e   Would you like __________ of these oranges?
f   There are __________ men, but there aren't __________ women.
g   Would you like __________ banana?
h   Could I have __________ sugar?
i   We haven't got __________ rice.
j   I'd like to have __________ apricot, but there aren't __________.
k   __________ dolphins are very intelligent.
l   I hate __________ skirts.

 

2   Ponga somebody, anybody, something, anything, somewhere, anywhere, nobody, nothing, nowhere, every, everything, everybody, everywhere, some, any, a o an en las oraciones siguientes:

a   The police were looking for him, but he was __________ to be found.
b   __________ guests did not come to the party.
c   They treat me very well __________ time I visit them.
d   __________loves me. I feel very miserable.
e   I want to buy __________ bread, but the baker hasn't got __________.
f   He is beloved by __________ in the village. He's always trying to help people.
g   I saw __________ at the window a moment ago. There must be __________ in the house.
h   He doesn't know __________ about cars.
i   I don't think there is __________ who can drive a lorry.
j   I have looked __________ in the house, but I haven't seen your wallet.
k   Although I was very thirsty, she gave me __________ to drink.
l   Waiter! There is __________ gnat in my soup.
m   I'd like to go __________ else.
n   I'm not hungry, so I'll eat __________.
o   Could you take me __________ nice this weekend?
p   May I have __________ to eat? I'm very hungry.
q   Would you like to go __________ else? I can take you __________.
r   Would you please stop criticising __________ I do once and for all?
s   My husband is having __________ operation next week.
t   'Have you got __________ we need?'
    'Yes, I think so. I haven't left __________ behind.'
    'I hope so. The last time we went for a picnic, you forgot to bring several things with you.'
u   As you can see, I have __________ in my pockets. They're empty.
v   __________ can do it; it is as easy as winking.
w   'Where are you going this weekend?'
    '__________. I'm staying at home.'
x    __________ she does is a piece of art. She's __________ excellent artist.
y    __________ idiot is __________ stupid.
z   __________ but you did well in the exam. You are __________ very good student.

 

CLAVE (Si hay más de una alternativa, he usado / para indicarlo.)

 

1
a   any, some
b   —
c   some
d   any
e   some
f   some, any
g   a
h   some
i   any
j   an, any
k   —
l   —

 

2
a   nowhere
b   Some
c   every
d   Nobody/No-one/No one
e   some, any
f   everybody/everyone
g   Somebody/Someone, somebody/someone
h   anything
i   anyone/anybody
j   everywhere
k   nothing
l   a
m   somewhere
n   nothing
o   somewhere
p   something
q   somewhere, anywhere
r   everything
s   an
t   everything, anything
u   nothing
v   Everybody/Everyone/Anybody/Anyone
w   Nowhere
x   Everything, an
y   An, someone/somebody
z   Nobody/No-one/No one, a

 

Autor: Miquel Molina i Diez


 

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con el material mostrado abajo para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera.

1. Conteste las siguientes preguntas (principiantes)

2. Haga preguntas para las siguientes respuestas (principiantes)

3. Ejercicios variados para principiantes

4. Oraciones negativas e interrogativas (nivel intermedio)

5. Some, any and every; some, any, every + -body / -one, -thing y -where (nivel intermedio)

6. Palabras que hacen referencia a la nacionalidad

7. Oraciones para restaurantes

Las soluciones

En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 10 euros.

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