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Ejercicios variados para principiantes: gramática inglesa y vocabulario - Las respuestas

 

Soluciones:
1
a    I have got a lollipop.
b    We have got three children.
c    They have got a brother.
d    They have got a sister.
e    I have got three pencils.
f    We have got two blackboards.
g    I have got a bottle of coke / Coke / cola.
h    You have got a glass of tomato juice.
i    You have got ten sweets.
j    You have got a parrot.

 

2
a    He has got three shirts.
b    The monster has got three eyes, two heads and twelve ears.
c    She has got two bananas.
d    She has got a video (cassete recorder) (o, a VCR).
e    She has got three Christmas cards.
f    He has got eight pets. (Domestic animals, en lugar de pets, se podria utilizar, pero este término incluye también los animales de granja.)
g    She has got four cars.
h    The monster has got twenty legs.
i    She has got seventeen balloons.
j    He has got eleven candles.

 

3
a    It is summer. It's very hot.
b    It is autumn. (En anglés americano se usa fall.) It's cold.
c    It is winter. It's very cold.

 

4
a    The television (set) / The TV is in the living-room / in the sitting-room.
b    The refrigerator / The fridge is the kitchen.
c    The bath is in the bathroom.
d    The wardrobe is in the bedroom.
e    The sideboard / The cupboard is in the living-room / in the sitting-room.
f    The sofa / The settee / The couch is in the living-room / in the sitting-room.
g    The table is in the dining-room.
h    The vase is in the living-room / in the sitting-room.
i    The (tele)phone is in the bedroom.
j    The goldfish is in the (goldfish) bowl.

 

5
a    There is an ostrich.
b    There is a penguin.
c    There is a polar bear.
d    There is a crocodile.
e    There is a scarf.
f    There is a glove.
g    There is a tree.

 

6
a    There are two ostriches.
b    There are two penguins.
c    There are two polar bears.
d    There are two crocodiles.
e    There are two scarfs (o, scarves).
f    There are two gloves.
g    There are two trees.

 

7
a    There is some milk.
b    There is some ham.
c    There is some chocolate.
d    There is some apple juice.

 

8
a    There is not any bread.
b    There is not any ham.
c    There is not any chocolate.
d    There is not any apple juice.

 

9
a    There are some moneyboxes.
b    There are some stars.
c    There are some cakes (o, pastries).
d    There are some shoes.
e    There are some houses.

 

10
a    There are not any moneyboxes.
b    There are not any stars.
c    There are not any cakes / pastries.
d    There are not any shoes.
e    There are not any houses.

 

11
a    My mother is thirty-four (years old).
b    My sister is thirteen (years old).
c    My brother is eleven (years old).
d    My grandmother is eighty (years old).
e    My grandfather is seventy-nine (years old).

 

12
a    They are short.
b    They are very pretty.
c    We are very intelligent.
d    You are very friendly / nice.
e    You are very clever.

 

13
a    She can draw.
b    He can speak Italian.
c    We can skate.
d    They can drive.
e    They can ride a bike.
f    I can paint very well.
g    You can sing very well.
h    You can drive a horse.
i    I cannot (o, can't) play basketball.
j    He cannot (o, can't) swim.
k    Can she play football?
l    Can you play tennis?

 

14
a    This is my cousin.
b    Those are my daughters.
c    These are my books.
d    That is my pencil case (o, pencil box).
e    That is my aunt.

 

15
a    an eagle
b    some eagles
c    a wardrobe
d    some wardrobes
e    a cupboard
f    some cupboards
g    an anorak
h    some anoraks

 

16
a    My grandmother's sofa.
b    Tim's biscuits (o en inglés americano, cookies).
c    Molly's dress.
d    Mary's trainers.
e    John's chocolates.

 

17
12:00 ---> It is twelve o'clock.
12:15 ---> It is a quarter past twelve.
12:20 ---> It is twenty past twelve.
12:30 ---> It is half past twelve.
12:40 ---> It is twenty to one
12:45 ---> It is a quarter to one.

 

18
a    It is five past three.
b    It is a quarter past three.
c    It is one o'clock.
d    It is half past five.
e    It is a quarter to ten.
f    It is twenty to seven.
g    It is half past one.
h    It is ten to nine.
i    It is half past two.
j    It is two o'clock.

 

19
3 ---> three
11 ---> eleven
25 ---> twenty-five
34 ---> thirty-four
41 ---> forty-one
58 ---> fifty-eight
62 ---> sixty-two
76 ---> seventy-six
87 ---> eighty-seven
99 ---> ninety-nine
100 ---> a hundred

 

20
Yes, I do o No, I don't según si le gusta o no le gusta respectivamente.

 

21
a     a big house
b     some red pencil cases
c     there is a lot of milk
d     there are ten lollipops
e     there was not a pumpkin on the table
f     there were chestnuts yesterday / yesterday there were chestnuts
g     there is a town near the river / there is a river near the town
h     he lives in a big city

 

22
mother ---> father
sister ---> brother
wife ---> husband
grandmother ---> grandfather
granddaughter ---> grandson
niece ---> nephew
aunt ---> uncle
daughter ---> son
woman ---> man
she ---> he
her ---> his

 

23
child ---> children
foot ---> feet
goose ---> geese
louse ---> lice
man ---> men
mouse ---> mice
ox ---> oxen
person ---> people
tooth ---> teeth
woman ---> women

 

24
one ---> first
two ---> second
three ---> third
four ---> fourth
five ---> fifth
six ---> sixth
seven ---> seventh
eight ---> eighth
nine ---> ninth
ten ---> tenth
eleven ---> eleventh
twelve ---> twelfth
thirteen ---> thirteenth
fourteen ---> fourteenth
twenty ---> twentieth
twenty-one ---> twenty-first
twenty-two ---> twenty-second

 

25
Frutas Verduras
strawberry
apple
pear
peach
banana
pineapple
grapes
orange
grapefruit
watermelon
coconut
honeydewmelon
papaya
plum
fig
cherry
apricot
pea
tomato
potato
lettuce
onion
garlic
cucumber
bean
radish
artichoke
asparagus
cauliflower
spinach
pepper
aubergine
mushroom

 

26
where ---> dónde
when ---> cuándo
who ---> quién
what ---> qué
why ---> por qué
because ---> porque
how ---> cómo
which ---> cuál, qué

 

27
a     There was a bridge.
b     There were two bridges.
c     She was ill yesterday.
d     They were at the beach.
e     We were hungry.
f      He was sad.
g     It was snowing.
h     I was thirsty.
i      You were not at home.

 

28
a    There was a computer.
b    There was a hotel.
c    There was a bank (= empresa que hace negocio con el dinero de los demás) / a bench (= banco para sentarse) / a pew (banco de iglesia).
d    There was a woman.
e    There was a knife.

 

29
a    There were two computers.
b    There were two hotels.
c    There were two banks (= empresas que hace negocio con el dinero de los demás) / two benches (= bancos para sentarse) / two pews (bancos de iglesia).
d    There were two women.
e    There were two knives.

 

30
a    Is there a van?
b    Is there an island?
c    Is there a restaurant?
d    Is there a fork?
e    Is there a supermarket?

 

31
a    Are there two bedrooms?
b    Are there two kitchens?
c    Are there two libraries?
d    Are there two bathrooms?
e    Are there two bookshops?

 

32
a    Was there a spoon?
b    Was there a cup?
c    Was there a glass?
d    Was there a dish?
e    Was there a plate?

 

33
a    Were there two shops?
b    Were there two postmen?
c    Were there two doctors?
d    Were there two rivers?
e    Were there two mountains?

 

34
a    There was not a school.
b    There was not a forest.
c    There was not a train station.
d    There was not an airport.
e    There was not a bus stop.

 

35
a    There were not two planes.
b    There were not two bikes.
c    There were not two people.
d    There were not two children.
e    There were not two teachers.

 

36
a    They have not got a bottle of orange juice.
     Have they have got a bottle of orange juice?
b    We have not got twelve comics.
     Have we got twelve comics?
c    My friends have not got a lot of vegetables.
     Have my friends got a lot of vegetables?
d    You have not got a good friend.
     Have you got a good friend?
e    I have not got the flu.
     Have I got the flu?

 

37
a    He has not got a belt.
     Has he got a belt?
b    It has not got a tail.
     Has it got a tail?
c    She has not got an egg.
     Has she got an egg?
d    He has not got a flat.
     Has he got a flat?
e    It has not got wings.
     Has it has got wings?

 

38
a    They do not want to go.
     Do they want to go?
b    You do not need to relax.
     Do you need to relax?
c    We do not draw very often.
     Do we draw very often?
d    I do not hate garlic.
     Do I have garlic?
d    They do not love swimming.
     Do they love swimming?

 

39
a    It does not rain very often.
     Does it rain very often?
b    It does not snow in winter.
     Does it snow in winter?
c    It does not freeze at night.
     Does it freeze at night?
d    She does not read a lot of books.
     Does she read a lot of books?
e    He does not play volleyball.
     Does she play volleyball?

 

40
     -Presente-
     I am
     you are
     he is
     she is
     it is
     we are
     you are
     they are

     -Pasado-
     I was
     you were
     he was
     she was
     it was
     we were
     you were
     they were

 

41
     I am a student.
     She is not a housewife.
     We are at the beach.
     They are next to some trees.
     Are they at home?
     Is he scared?

 

42
     I was tired.
     He was sad.
     There were two roads.
     Were there two houses?
     She was not hungry.
     It was foggy.

 

43
postman ---> letters
cook ---> food
teacher ---> students
painter ---> pictures
farmer ---> cows, sheep
lawyer ---> laws
singer ---> songs
writer ---> books
doctor ---> sick people, illness, disease
clerk ---> office
housewife ---> housework
student ---> homework
banker ---> bank
dancer ---> disco(theque)
player ---> football, tennis

 

44
a    Where is he?
b    What have they got?
c    What time does she go to school? / When does she go to school?
d    How do you go to school?
e    Why are you sad?
f    Who does he love?

 

45
a    Yes, I do / Yes, I like garlic / No, I don't (like garlic)
b    Yes, he does / Yes, he gets up early in the morning / No, he doesn't (get up early in the morning)
c    Yes, she is (afraid of snakes) / No, she isn't (afraid of snakes)
d    Yes, I can (dance) / No, I can't (dance)
e    Yes, I have (got a bike) / No, I haven't (got a bike)
f    Yes, she has (got a bad tooth) / No, she hasn't (got a bad tooth)
g    Yes, there were (dinosaurs a hundred years ago) / No, there weren't (dinosaurs a hundred years ago)
h    Yes, there was (a house here last year) / No, there wasn't (a house here last year)
i    Yes, he was (angry yesterday morning) / No, he wasn't (angry yesterday morning)
j    Yes, I was (ill last week) / No, I wasn't (ill last week)
k    Yes, I am (tall) / No, I'm not (tall)
l    Yes, he is (a doctor) / No, he isn't (a doctor)
m    Yes, you are (my friend) / No, you aren't (my friend)
n    Yes, they have (got their books) / No, they haven't (got their books)
o    Yes, he has / Yes, he has got some (peaches) / No, he hasn't / No, he hasn't got any (peaches)
p    Yes, I do / Yes, I live in London / No, I don't (live in London)
q    Yes, she does / Yes, she takes sugar in her tea / No, she doesn't (take sugar in her tea)
r    Yes, I can (fly) / No, I can't (fly)
s    Yes, they can (swim) / No, they can't (swim)
t    Yes, it is (windy) / No, it isn't (windy)
u    Yes, you do / Yes, we do / Yes, you need more rice / Yes, we need more rice / No, you don't (need more rice) / No, we don't (need more rice)
v    Yes, he does / Yes, he studies hard / No, he doesn't (study hard)
Autor: Miquel Molina i Diez
Páginas: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, la clave

 

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con el material mostrado abajo para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera.

1. Conteste las siguientes preguntas (principiantes)

2. Haga preguntas para las siguientes respuestas (principiantes)

3. Ejercicios variados para principiantes

4. Oraciones negativas e interrogativas (nivel intermedio)

5. Some, any and every; some, any, every + -body / -one, -thing y -where (nivel intermedio)

6. Palabras que hacen referencia a la nacionalidad

7. Oraciones para restaurantes

Las soluciones

En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 10 euros.

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