se utiliza en oraciones afirmativas: I want some sugar
. También en oraciones interrogativas que sean peticiones u ofrecimientos, o cuando esperamos una respuesta afirmativa:
Would you like some tea?
May I have some coffee?
Are there some mice? I think I've just seen one.
se usa en oraciones interrogativas que no sean del tipo que acabamos de mencionar arriba: Did you sell any onions?
También, en oracions negativas o con el significado de "cualquiera" (o "cualesquiera"):
I don't want any milk.
You can take any lighter you like.
Fíjese en esta tabla:
|singular: a o an*
plural: some / any
| some / any
|*Si la palabra siguiente comienza por sonido vocálico, hay que emplear an. Si es consonántico, a. Ejemplos: a cat , an apple.
Los compuestos de some
actuarán de la misma manera:
I have seen somebody.
Have you seen anybody?
I have not seen anybody.
Nunca haremos dos negaciones a la vez:
I saw nothing.
I did not see anything.
*I did not see nothing
no se puede decir.
Si la oración tiene un sentido general, se construye sin some
I don't like meat.
They love fast cars.
Fruit is very good for the human body.
significa "cada" o "todos":
I go there every day.
Everybody enjoyed the party.
Everything went wrong.
She has been everywhere in the world.
en las oraciones siguientes:
There isn't __________ butter, but there's __________ cheese.
__________ milk is white.
May I have __________ apple juice?
'Is there __________ water left?' 'No, there isn't.'
Would you like __________ of these oranges?
There are __________ men, but there aren't __________ women.
Would you like __________ banana?
Could I have __________ sugar?
We haven't got __________ rice.
I'd like to have __________ apricot, but there aren't __________.
__________ dolphins are very intelligent.
I hate __________ skirts.
en las oraciones siguientes:
The police were looking for him, but he was __________ to be found.
__________ guests did not come to the party.
They treat me very well __________ time I visit them.
__________loves me. I feel very miserable.
I want to buy __________ bread, but the baker hasn't got __________.
He is beloved by __________ in the village. He's always trying to help people.
I saw __________ at the window a moment ago. There must be __________ in the house.
He doesn't know __________ about cars.
I don't think there is __________ who can drive a lorry.
I have looked __________ in the house, but I haven't seen your wallet.
Although I was very thirsty, she gave me __________ to drink.
Waiter! There is __________ gnat in my soup.
I'd like to go __________ else.
I'm not hungry, so I'll eat __________.
Could you take me __________ nice this weekend?
May I have __________ to eat? I'm very hungry.
Would you like to go __________ else? I can take you __________.
Would you please stop criticising __________ I do once and for all?
My husband is having __________ operation next week.
'Have you got __________ we need?'
'Yes, I think so. I haven't left __________ behind.'
'I hope so. The last time we went for a picnic, you forgot to bring several things with you.'
As you can see, I have __________ in my pockets. They're empty.
__________ can do it; it is as easy as winking.
'Where are you going this weekend?'
'__________. I'm staying at home.'
__________ she does is a piece of art. She's __________ excellent artist.
__________ idiot is __________ stupid.
__________ but you did well in the exam. You are __________ very good student.