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Gramática inglesa de nivel avanzado paso a paso (English Grammar Step by Step)


     UNIT 2

   Answer the following sentences with short answers. Contractions are not used in the affirmative. Note also the following changes: I→you; we→you, we; you→I, we; he, she, it and they do not change.

1  Example:
   Can you speak Catalan?
   Yes, I can.
   No, I can't/No, I cannot.

a  Can you look in on him on your way home?
b  Can you tell me what happened?
c  Can she play the violin?
d  Can they mend a puncture?
e  Can he draw?

2  Example:(he, she, it has; I, you, we, they have; see unit 6, part 4, sections 1 and 2.)
   Have you got a match?
   Yes, I have.
   No, I haven't/No, I have not.

a  Have they got a pekinese?
b  Has she got a bungalow?
c  Has it got four legs?
d  Have you got a bulldog?
e  Have we got enough sugar?

3  Example: (I am; he, she, it is; you, we, they are; see unit 6, part 1, section 1.)
   Are they sad?
   Yes, they are.
   No, they aren't/No, they are not.

a  Am I a good student?
b  Is there1 a van?
c  Are there two vans?
d  Is he doing his homework?
e  Are you a writer?

4  Example: (simple present2: all the persons, but the third person singular)
   Do you fancy going to the theatre?
   Yes, I do.
   No, I don't/No, I do not.

a  Do you like rum babas?
b  Do they wish to go out?
c  Do you take honey?
d  Do they deliver on Sundays?
e  Do I sing very well?

5  Example: (simple present: he, she, it)
   Does it rain a lot in your country?
   Yes, it does.
   No, it doesn't/No, it does not.

a  Does she dry up very often?
b  Does his mother tuck him in every night?
c  Does this bomb go off very easily?
d  Does he live abroad?
e  Does he read newspapers?

6  Revision exercise.
a  Can you tell us the truth?
b  Do you travel a lot?
c  Have you got a cigarette?
d  Have you got a light?
e  Do they cook it on a low heat?
f  Is there any apple juice?
g  Are there any onions?
h  Is there a glass of rosé?
i  Do you wish to come here tomorrow evening?
j  Does she avoid talking to them?
k  Do we have to put everything away before going to bed?
l  Do you want to pick her up for me?
m  Does the grass need cutting?
n  Does he have a swim every day?
o  Do you detest babas?
p  Do they use a computer?
q  Do you eat meat?
r  Does she go out every Saturday night?
s  Are there two buildings?
t  Can they play the trumpet?
u  Is it foggy?
v  Do you prefer tea to coffee?
w  Has he got a French restaurant?
x  Are they doing the housework?
y  Has he got a terrible cough?
z  Is money the root of all evil?

7  Example: (simple past; see also unit 7, part 3.)
   Did you teach Italian?
   Yes, I did.
   No, I didn't/No, I did not.

a  Did you drink all the red wine?
b  Did they pass their driving-tests?
c  Did she win the chess tournament?
d  Did it hail yesterday afternoon?
e  Did we post that letter?

8  Example: (I, he, she, it was; you, we, they were; see unit 6, part 1, section 2.)
   Was he in yesterday morning?
   Yes, he was.
   No, he wasn't/No, he was not.

a  Were there many rabbits?
b  Was the rain bucketing down?
c  Was she a friend of yours?
d  Was it wet last month?
e  Were you sick?

9  Example: (he, she, it has; other persons, have; see unit 6, part 4, section 9, and unit 7, parts 5 and 6.)
   Have you ever been to York?
   Yes, we have.
   No, we haven't/No, we have not.

a  Has she taken her life?
b  Have you ever seen a ghost?
c  Has he wrapped up all the parcels?
d  Have they stopped shooting?
e  Have we sent Sue the letter we wrote yesterday?

10 Revision exercise.
a  Do you think they will imprison him?
b  Have you ever drunk Catalan wine?
c  Can you climb craggy mountains?
d  Was he having breakfast when you got home this morning?
e  Does he think I'm lazy?
f  Was she dressed up like a dog's dinner?
g  Have they got Aids?
h  Are they really going to eat raw meat?
i  Do you reckon they will exile her?
j  Is she a neighbour of Mike's?
k  Did you tell her my name?
l  Were you outside the museum when you met him?
m  Has he got a lot of baskets?
n  Is there a river?
o  Has he been to the department store?
p  Did he commit suicide?
q  Did you drown the fairy cakes in brandy?
r  Have you invited your mother-in-law?
s  Is James your stepson?
t  Did he enjoy your wedding?
u  Have you eaten your dinner?
v  Were they playing poker when the police entered the garage?
w  Does the grass want watering?
x  Do they bark at night?
y  Can she fly an aeroplane?
z  Is her fly undone?

1  Use there as the subject of the short answer.
2  For full details about the simple present form, see unit 7, part 1.

Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

Pages: 1, 2 and the key

Tal vez le interese recibir un archivo pdf con las unidades de esta sección para que pueda estudiar siempre que quiera. En este caso, se lo podemos mandar por correo electrónico a cambio de una contribución de 25 euros.





1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)

3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)

4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)

5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)

6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)

7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)

8  Irregular verbs

9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)

10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)

11 The genitive case (the key)

12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)

13 Gender (the key)

14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)

16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)

17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)

18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)

19 Adjective order (the key)

20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)

21 Do and make (the key)

22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)

24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)

25 Passive sentences (the key)

26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)

27 Purpose (the key)

28 Word order (the key)

29 Inversion (the key)

30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)

31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)

32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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