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Basic Vocabulary:
• Contents
• The Colours in English
• Months and Seasons
• The Days of the Week
• Nationality Words

English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs

Intermediate English Grammar:
• Contents
• Unit 9:  Irregular verbs

English Grammar for Beginners:
• Contents
• Unit 1:  A, an, some any and the
• Unit 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unit 3:  Personal pronouns and possessives
• Unit 4:  Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns
• Unit 5:  List of irregular verbs

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Free English Grammar (Basic » Intermediate)

Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun each other and object pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding self (singular) or selves (plural) to my, your, our (possesive adjectives) or him, her, it, them (object pronouns). Let us have a look at them now:









Reflexive pronouns are used to refer back to the subject:

She made this skirt herself. (That is, nobody helped her.)

I cut myself when I was peeling a clove of garlic.

They can also mean "in person" or "personally", or, in other words, they act as intensifiers:

The mayor himself spoke for the abolition of the death penalty.

We saw the president himself at the reception. (Please note that himself refers to the president, not to the subject.)

The queen herself was among the demostrators.

If we say that John writes to Mary and that Mary writes to John, we are talking about a reciprocal action. This sort of actions are expressed by each other or one another:

They write to each other / one another once a month.

When the action expressed by the subject falls on other people or things, we employ personal object pronouns: He loves her. However, she may not love him; but if we say that he and Mary love each other, they are both in love. John loves himself means that John loves John, that is to say, himself refers back to John.


A.  Fill in the gaps as appropriate.

  1.  Ingrid, Paul! Please behave __________.

  2.  The pop star __________ attended the wedding ceremony, as she had promised.

  3.  I sent __________ a letter, but she hasn't replied to __________ yet.

  4.  We send letters to __________ regularly. I get on very well with __________. She's, in fact, my best friend.

  5.  We looked at __________ in amazement, but we didn't say anything.

  6.  Make __________ at home, John. I'll be right back.

  7.  We've known __________ since we were kids. We even were at school together.

  8.  I made a fool of __________ by saying that stupid thing.

  9.  "He hurt __________ when he was playing soccer.

 10.  When you see your sister, give my regards to __________, please.

Written by Miquel Molina i Diez


  1.  yourselves

  2.  herself

  3.  her, me

  4.  each other, her

  5.  each other / one another

  6.  yourself

  7.  each other / one another

  8.  myself

  9.  himself

 10.  her

Unit 1: A, an, some, any and the
Unit 2: Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
Unit 3: Personal pronouns and possessives
Unit 4: Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns
Unit 5: List of irregular verbs
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