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• Contents
• The Colours in English
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English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs


Intermediate English Grammar:
• Contents
• Unit 9:  Irregular verbs


English Grammar for Beginners:
• Contents
• Unit 1:  A, an, some any and the
• Unit 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unit 3:  Personal pronouns and possessives
• Unit 4:  Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns
• Unit 5:  List of irregular verbs


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Polseguera
English Grammar Step by Step


     UNIT 21
     DO AND MAKE


   Insert the appropriate form of do or make in the spaces provided.

1  Examples:
   If you don’t do your homework, you’ll stay here the whole afternoon.
   I did my best/utmost, but it wasn’t sufficient.
   ‘Can you do me a favour, please?’
   ‘Sure!’
   I always have to do the shopping and the cooking.
   We can’t do anything about it.
   What should we do?

   We use do when we refer to work, actions, or when we say something
   in general terms.

a  You never __________ anything at home!
b  You should __________ your teeth before going to bed every night.
c  We must try and __________ business with them.
d  I can’t go out tonight. I have to __________ a translation
   from ancient Greek to English.
e  Don’t worry: this will __________.


2  Examples:
   I hate making beds.
   Try to make an effort.
   I must go now. I have to make a phone call.
   If you like, I’ll make you a cup of tea.
   I have to make a speech tomorrow evening.
   We made a voyage across the Atlantic.
   That made him jump with joy.
   The police made them confess their crime.
   They made me fill in a form.

   Make conveys the idea of ‘bringing into being’, ‘producing an effect’
   or ‘forcing someone to perform something’. Yet, it is not always
   easy to choose between do and make, since there are many exceptions
   to the rules given in this unit. For instance, in the first sentence
   above ‘making beds’ refer to an action, but we use ‘make’, not ‘do’.
   If you are in doubt, try to use another verb. For example, instead
   of ‘making a confession’, you can say ‘confess’.

a  Don’t __________ a fire. It’s a fire hazard!
b  We __________ a huge profit by selling our company to a
   giant multinational. (simple past)
c  If everything goes as he expects, he’ll have __________ a highly
   significant discovery for the humankind towards the end of the year.
d  We should like to __________ a donation of half a million pounds to
   cope with this research.
e  He __________ her tremble with fear. (simple past)


3  Revision exercise.
a  __________ your hair before you go out.
b  She always __________ what she wishes. She’s terribly spoilt.
c  Her fans think that she can __________ no wrong.
d  She __________ a fortune by investing in government bonds.
   (simple past)
e  That __________ her sad. (simple past)
f  Her daughter __________ her nails almost every day.
g  They don’t __________ anything. They’re lying on their beds all day
   reading comics and listening to music.
h  His wife is working now and he is on the dole, so he has
   to __________  the cooking, the laundry, the washing up, the shopping
   and many other things in the house. He’s a real house husband now.
i  He __________ me a bad turn last week.
j  This will __________ them incur heavy losses.
k  We don’t know what to __________. Can you tell us what to __________?
l  Running up and down stairs __________ me feel tired. (simple present)
m  If you don’t __________ your duty, you’ll put yourself into trouble.
n  You __________ right by telling them the whole matter. (simple past)
o  ‘How is she __________ at school?
p  He’s __________ Italian and Catalan at the moment.
q  It’s much better to __________ peace with somebody than to __________
   war on them.
r  You __________ the salad and I’ll __________ the dishes.
s  Do you like this swimming costume? I __________ it myself.
t  He detests everything she __________.
u  His story __________ her laugh. (simple past)
v  Don’t __________ such a noise, or they’ll hear us.
w  This car __________ sixty miles to the gallon. It’s the most
   economical model on the market.
x  We can’t __________ Rome in a day. There’s a lot to see there.
y  She __________ a lot of friends there. (simple past)
z  You’re not __________ things easier!
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

     Pages: 1 and the key

   Contents
   Introduction
   Notes
1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8  Irregular verbs
9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)


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