English Grammar Step by Step
UNIT 10 - Page 2
PERSONAL PRONOUNS, POSSESSIVES AND REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Fill in the blanks as appropriate.
11 Examples: (reflexive pronouns)
I didn’t enjoy myself at the party.
You are always looking at yourself in the mirror.
He is always feeling sorry for himself.
She helped herself to a piece of chocolate cake.
The house itself is very small.
We revised it ourselves/We ourselves revised it.
Make yourselves comfortable, boys.
They built their house themselves/They themselves built the
Reflexive pronouns relate to the subject of the sentence;
hence the the subject of the sentences agrees with the
reflexive pronoun in number and gender, as in the above
examples. However, a reflexive pronoun may also refer
to an object: I saw the king (object) himself at the
a My mother told me to behave __________.
b You’re always flaunting __________! I’m afraid to tell you
that you are quite plain.
c If you don’t look after __________, you will have health
trouble in the near future.
d Everybody thinks he has a screw loose because he’s always
talking to __________; but I daresay he is the sanest
person on earth.
e I cut __________ when I was chopping an onion into small
The Queen herself was at the demonstration.
Reflexive pronouns can mean ‘personally’ or ‘in person’,
that is, they act as intensifiers.
a I’ll stick to the rules __________.
b The King __________ will propose the new candidate.
c Mrs Spenser __________ came to see me.
d He will put her out of the job __________.
e They bought these fresh eggs __________.
I enjoy travelling on my own. (on + a possessive adjective +
I enjoy travelling by myself. (by + reflexive pronoun)
On my own and by myself are synonyms. They mean ‘alone’ or
a My sister is only eight years of age. She has painted this
picture all by __________.
b This machine switches on all by __________. You only
have to programme it to come on at a certain time.
c He likes being all on __________ own.
d They say that they would love to live on __________ own,
but that they can’t, since they’re under age.
e We built this mountain shelter by __________, which
protects us from rain and snow whenever we come here
Tim wrote the book himself/Tim himself wrote the book.
This sentence mean that he did not obtain any outside help.
a Our butler __________ made this cake. He’s a very good cook.
b My nephew __________ took in this suit a bit.
c The sentry __________ stopped the three enemies from
entering the fort.
d My daughter made this perfume __________. Doesn’t it smell
e Our children painted this cupboard __________.
15 Revision exercise.
a If anybody sees me talking to an invisible woman, they’ll
think I’m speaking to __________. So we’d better not talk
in public places.
b __________ pretends to be a rough boy; but, actually,
c A new opportunity presented __________ to her, and she
seized __________ with both hands.
d The quest for immortality has been one of the principal
issues in the human race throughout the centuries. Some
of __________ find it necessary to have children because
it is a good way of continuing __________ lineage, of
transmitting __________ genes to __________ offspring.
Others search for __________ through art or investigation.
As a case in point, we could mention Antoni Gaudí i
Cornet, who built La Sagrada Família, one of the most
symbolic monuments in Catalan culture. __________ will
never die. People will remember __________ through
__________, since this great work of art is a pride for
the Catalan nation.
e Other people try to find immortality through religion.
__________ think that there will be another life,
better than the one __________ are living presently.
f ‘Whose car is this?’
‘It’s __________. I bought __________ yesterday. Do __________
‘Yes, __________ do. Would __________ mind giving
__________ a ride?’
‘Of course not. Get in. Where do __________ want to go?’
g Mr Taylor warned __________ about the fire. But for __________,
we would be dead now.
h His spouse __________ poisoned him.
i The Blakes will supply __________ with drinks and sandwiches
if we pay __________ in advance.
j I feel contempt for Mr and Mrs Johnson, since __________
are the most dishonest people __________ have ever met.
k Miss Spenser is always talking to __________. It is said
__________ has got a screw loose.
l ‘I think the Duncans have cleaned out the department store
next door. __________ are professional thieves.’
‘__________ think __________ should give __________ the
benefit of the doubt.
m ‘You should bear in mind that second-hand car prices have
plummeted recently. This is why __________ can only offer
__________ a thousand pounds for __________ old car.’
‘But __________ is only four years old!’
‘Well, __________ take __________ or leave __________.’
‘__________ think __________ will try another dealer.’
n ‘Have you heard the latest news about Miss Squire?’
‘__________ was run down by a truck for all __________ know.’
o I have no time for pedantic people. __________ send me up the
p ‘Would you like __________ to refresh __________ memory?’
‘No, you don’t have to.’
q ‘Which of you hinted that we had cleared them out at cards?’
‘__________, as I saw __________ with __________ own eyes.’
r My son always keeps __________ nose to the grindstone.
__________ is beloved by __________ workmates and by
s Ms King says that __________ wants to be by __________.
t ‘Who is it?’
‘It’s __________. Come on, open the door once and for all!’
u Everyone got on the bus, didn’t __________?
v We had a flat of __________ own.
w The President of the USA __________ was for her proposal.
x Somebody called her a little rascal, and __________
smiled at __________.
y Mrs Curtis is very ugly, but Mr Curtis is even uglier,
so __________ is not so ugly as __________.
z I need a bathroom to __________. I don’t like to share
He shaves every morning.
Reflexive pronouns are not often used to refer to
actions we generally do, unless we want to give a
special emphasis to the action itself: My daughter
dresses herself, and she is only four years of age.
An exception to this is the verb dry: He dried
himself (off) with a towel. It is worth mentioning
as well that a few verbs do not take reflexive
pronouns, e.g. concentrate and relax: If you don’t
concentrate on your studies, you’ll fail.
a After I get up __________, I wash __________, and have
b Take this towel, and dry __________.
c I think you should relax __________.
d Mr Woods never washes __________. He smells very bad.
e Martha never makes __________ up.
John and Anne love each other.
We love them.
She only loves herself.
The first sentence implies a reciprocal action, ie a mutual
action; or in other words: John loves Anne, and Anne loves
John. The second example denotes that the action expressed
by the subject falls on other people or things. The third
instance states a reflexive action, since herself refers
back to she.
a We write to __________ once a week. We love __________ very
b She is very vain. She’s constanly looking at __________
in the mirror. She doesn’t care about other people. In
my opinion, she only thinks of __________.
c We send __________ presents at Christmas. Last year I
sent __________ a ball, and he sent __________
a talking doll.
d They kissed __________ on both cheeks whenever they
e Her father has been overseas for ten years. She always
sends __________ a photograph of her at Christmas.
18 Revision exercise.
a I’ve just taken one of these tablets, and __________
head is spinning round.
b She made this colander __________. Isn’t __________ lovely?
c He loved my niece a lot, and now __________ can’t get
__________ out of __________ mind.
d The garden __________ is immense. That house is a genuine
e __________ doctor first told her that __________ was
carrying twins, but when __________ was told that
__________ was carrying triplets, it left
f I don’t know what is happening to us, but now __________
hardly talk to __________.
g Words fail __________. I can’t express how happy __________ am.
h Glow-worms are my favourite insects, since __________
produce a betwiching green light at night.
i The first time __________ eyes met, we felt a marvellous
sensation. I reckon __________ was love, love at first sight.
j Don’t worry; __________ bark is worse that __________ bite.
She’s not that bad!
k The raiders were not caught, because __________ managed to
get to Mexico.
l __________ is on the tip of my tongue!
m She had breakfast all by __________.
n As it was Eliza’s birthday, everybody drank to __________
o She told me that she had sworn on __________ mother’s
grave that __________ would never marry again, but
that __________ had broken __________ promise when
__________ married me.
p If we don’t clip __________ wings, they will cause __________
a lot of trouble.
q She took __________ by the arm, and __________ went out
of the building. He was very happy because __________
were together again.
r The first time he saw her, __________ was leaning out of
a window. Such was __________ beauty that he thought
__________ had seen a deity. The next day, he went to
the same place at the same time to see if __________
goddess was leaning out of the window, but __________
s I like working on __________ own.
t They used to write to __________ every week. They were very
u If you don’t relax __________, __________ will fall ill.
v He hates eating by __________.
w The mayoress __________ open the ceremony.
x Nobody except __________ ate the set dinner, which is why
they got poisoned, but he didn’t.
y ‘My father has a lot of reponsibility on __________
shoulders. __________ is a very important politician.
How about yours?’
‘Well, __________ is a sweeper. __________ sweeps and
cleans the streets. Thanks to people like __________,
__________ streets are cleaned, so __________ is a
person with a lot of responsibility as well.
z To __________ mind, Picasso is the best cubist painter.
I like __________ paintings very much.
Formerly, each other related to two people or things;
and one another, to more than two. Nowadays this
distinction is no longer in use, that is, both terms
can be used as synonyms. Still, one another probably
retains a more general sense: People should help one
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1, 2 and the key
1 Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2 Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3 Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4 Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5 So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6 Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7 Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8 Irregular verbs
9 Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)