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English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs


Intermediate English Grammar:
• Contents
• Unit 9:  Irregular verbs


English Grammar for Beginners:
• Contents
• Unit 1:  A, an, some any and the
• Unit 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unit 3:  Personal pronouns and possessives
• Unit 4:  Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns
• Unit 5:  List of irregular verbs


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Polseguera
English Grammar Step by Step


     UNIT 1
     NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


   Transform the following sentences into the negative
   and the interrogative.


1  Example: (See unit 22.)
   I can dance.
   I canít dance/I cannot dance.
   Can I dance?

a  She can swim.
b  They can help you.
c  We can ride a horse.
d  He can drive a lorry.
e  It can fly.


2  Example: (I am; he, she, it is; we, you, they are;
   see unit 6, part 1, section 1.)
   Heís happy/He is happy.
   He isnít happy/He is not happy.
   Is he happy?

a  Itís snowing.
b  Theyíre working.
c  Itís spitting with rain.
d  Sheís worried.
e  Youíre watching television.			   


3  Example: (he, she, it has; other persons, have;
   see unit 6, part 4, section 1.)
   Itís got five doors/It has got five doors.
   It hasnít got five doors/It has not got five doors.
   Has it got five doors?

a  Iíve got a farm.
b  Heís got a lot of friends.
c  Theyíve got my help.
d  Itís got three eyes.
e  Weíve got everything.


4  Example: (all the persons, but he, she, it;
   see unit 7, part 1.)
   I hate running.
   I donít hate running/I do not hate running.
   Do I hate running?

a  His sisters dust every single day.
b  My friends wish to go abroad.
c  I live in London.
d  They like singing.
e  We need more dancers.


5  Example: (third person singular: he, she, it;
   see unit 7, part 1.)
   He works hard.
   He doesnít work (infinitive) hard/He does not work hard.
   Does he work (infinitive) hard?

a  She pays them a short visit from time to time.
   (infinitive: pay)
b  He looks like his father. (infinitive: look)
c  It dries soon. (infinitive: dry)
d  It flies. (infinitive: fly)
e  She washes down the kitchen walls once a month.
   (infinitive: wash) 


6  Revision exercise.
a  It takes time.
b  Heís got three parrots.
c  My car is being repaired.
d  You can mend my watch.
e  She loves talking to friends.
f  It worries him.
g  Thereís a man in the street.
h  Theyíve got all she wishes.
i  They look tired.
j  There are two old ladies at the door.
k  We need a teacher.
l  She can speak five languages.
m  I work in Bristol.
n  You can play tennis.
o  They swim very well.
p  She buys everything.
q  He always pays everything for her.
r  They want to stay at home.
s  Margaret is very fond of classical music.
t  There is a lot of bread.
u  They keep on talking all the time.
v  I can speak and write German.
w  Theyíve got a bad reputation.
x  She plays chess every week.
y  We hate drinking whisky.
z  She feels very lonely.


7  Example: (irregular verbs; see the list provided
   in unit 8, and unit 7, part 3.)
   I had to do it. (infinitive: have; simple past: had)
   I didnít have (infinitive) to do it/I did not have
   to do it.
   Did I have (infinitive) to do it?

a  Mary went to the ball.
b  They made coffee.
c  I saw you yesterday.
d  My computer broke down.
e  They overslept yesterday morning.


8  Example: (regular verbs; see unit unit 7, part 3.)
   It killed (simple past) the fly.
   It didnít kill (infinitive) the fly/It did not kill
   the fly.
   Did it kill (infinitive) the fly?

a  John and Margaret enjoyed Tomís speeches.
b  It rained cats and dogs yesterday.
c  They opened the window.
d  She passed her examinations.
e  He used to knock his children about.


9  Example: (I, he, she, it was; you, we, they were;
   see unit 6, part 1, section 2.)
   I was exhausted.
   I wasnít exhausted/I was not exhausted.
   Was I exhausted?

a  There were two rivers.
b  There was a cup of tea on the table.
c  He was my best friend.
d  They were dancing when I saw them.
e  You were very cruel to animals.


10 Revision exercise.
a  Tim broke the window.
b  Jane listens to music every evening.
c  Itís bucketing down.
d  We can park here.
e  Sheís got a black eye.
f  He denies it.
g  They got married last year.
h  They came here yesterday.
i  She fried two eggs.
j  He helped her with her homework.
k  They wanted to beat him up.
l  They robbed me yesterday.
m  They take care of Jennifer.
n  There was an armchair.
o  They look down on him.
p  I was fast asleep.
q  His grandmother was wide awake when he came
   home last night.
r  I ran into Peter last Monday.
s  She always looks ahead.
t  They steal cassette-players from cars.
u  They are looking into the matter carefully.
v  I came across these documents yesterday.
w  We ran out of petrol.
x  She slept very well.
y  It fell to pieces.
z  There were plenty of mines in the area.


11 Example: (he, she it has; other persons, have; see unit 6,
   part 4, section 9, and unit 7, parts 5 and 6.)
   Theyíve been ill/They have been ill since
   the day before yesterday.
   They havenít been ill/They have not been ill since
   the day before yesterday.
   Have they been ill since the day before yesterday?

a  She has been living here since she was born.
b  Youíve made a mistake.
c  He has arrived.
d  Itís gone sour.
e  Weíve been longing to get divorced for the last few months.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

     Pages: 1, 2 and the key

   Contents
   Introduction
   Notes
1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8  Irregular verbs
9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)


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