English Grammar Step by Step
NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
Transform the following sentences into the negative
and the interrogative.
1 Example: (See unit 22.)
I can dance.
I canít dance/I cannot dance.
Can I dance?
a She can swim.
b They can help you.
c We can ride a horse.
d He can drive a lorry.
e It can fly.
2 Example: (I am; he, she, it is; we, you, they are;
see unit 6, part 1, section 1.)
Heís happy/He is happy.
He isnít happy/He is not happy.
Is he happy?
a Itís snowing.
b Theyíre working.
c Itís spitting with rain.
d Sheís worried.
e Youíre watching television.
3 Example: (he, she, it has; other persons, have;
see unit 6, part 4, section 1.)
Itís got five doors/It has got five doors.
It hasnít got five doors/It has not got five doors.
Has it got five doors?
a Iíve got a farm.
b Heís got a lot of friends.
c Theyíve got my help.
d Itís got three eyes.
e Weíve got everything.
4 Example: (all the persons, but he, she, it;
see unit 7, part 1.)
I hate running.
I donít hate running/I do not hate running.
Do I hate running?
a His sisters dust every single day.
b My friends wish to go abroad.
c I live in London.
d They like singing.
e We need more dancers.
5 Example: (third person singular: he, she, it;
see unit 7, part 1.)
He works hard.
He doesnít work (infinitive) hard/He does not work hard.
Does he work (infinitive) hard?
a She pays them a short visit from time to time.
b He looks like his father. (infinitive: look)
c It dries soon. (infinitive: dry)
d It flies. (infinitive: fly)
e She washes down the kitchen walls once a month.
6 Revision exercise.
a It takes time.
b Heís got three parrots.
c My car is being repaired.
d You can mend my watch.
e She loves talking to friends.
f It worries him.
g Thereís a man in the street.
h Theyíve got all she wishes.
i They look tired.
j There are two old ladies at the door.
k We need a teacher.
l She can speak five languages.
m I work in Bristol.
n You can play tennis.
o They swim very well.
p She buys everything.
q He always pays everything for her.
r They want to stay at home.
s Margaret is very fond of classical music.
t There is a lot of bread.
u They keep on talking all the time.
v I can speak and write German.
w Theyíve got a bad reputation.
x She plays chess every week.
y We hate drinking whisky.
z She feels very lonely.
7 Example: (irregular verbs; see the list provided
in unit 8, and unit 7, part 3.)
I had to do it. (infinitive: have; simple past: had)
I didnít have (infinitive) to do it/I did not have
to do it.
Did I have (infinitive) to do it?
a Mary went to the ball.
b They made coffee.
c I saw you yesterday.
d My computer broke down.
e They overslept yesterday morning.
8 Example: (regular verbs; see unit unit 7, part 3.)
It killed (simple past) the fly.
It didnít kill (infinitive) the fly/It did not kill
Did it kill (infinitive) the fly?
a John and Margaret enjoyed Tomís speeches.
b It rained cats and dogs yesterday.
c They opened the window.
d She passed her examinations.
e He used to knock his children about.
9 Example: (I, he, she, it was; you, we, they were;
see unit 6, part 1, section 2.)
I was exhausted.
I wasnít exhausted/I was not exhausted.
Was I exhausted?
a There were two rivers.
b There was a cup of tea on the table.
c He was my best friend.
d They were dancing when I saw them.
e You were very cruel to animals.
10 Revision exercise.
a Tim broke the window.
b Jane listens to music every evening.
c Itís bucketing down.
d We can park here.
e Sheís got a black eye.
f He denies it.
g They got married last year.
h They came here yesterday.
i She fried two eggs.
j He helped her with her homework.
k They wanted to beat him up.
l They robbed me yesterday.
m They take care of Jennifer.
n There was an armchair.
o They look down on him.
p I was fast asleep.
q His grandmother was wide awake when he came
home last night.
r I ran into Peter last Monday.
s She always looks ahead.
t They steal cassette-players from cars.
u They are looking into the matter carefully.
v I came across these documents yesterday.
w We ran out of petrol.
x She slept very well.
y It fell to pieces.
z There were plenty of mines in the area.
11 Example: (he, she it has; other persons, have; see unit 6,
part 4, section 9, and unit 7, parts 5 and 6.)
Theyíve been ill/They have been ill since
the day before yesterday.
They havenít been ill/They have not been ill since
the day before yesterday.
Have they been ill since the day before yesterday?
a She has been living here since she was born.
b Youíve made a mistake.
c He has arrived.
d Itís gone sour.
e Weíve been longing to get divorced for the last few months.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1, 2 and the key
1 Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2 Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3 Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4 Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5 So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6 Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7 Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8 Irregular verbs
9 Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)