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English Grammar Step by Step: Collapse
Unit 1: Negative and interrogative sentences
Unit 2: Short answers
Unit 3: Question tags
Unit 4: Questions and exclamations
Unit 5: So, neither, nor, either
Unit 6: Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
Unit 7: Verb tenses: forms
Unit 8: Irregular verbs
Unit 9: Verb tenses: uses
Unit 10: Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
Unit 11: The genitive case
Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
Unit 13: Gender
Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
Unit 19: The adjective order
Unit 20: Relative clauses
Unit 21: Do and make
Unit 22: Modal verbs
Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
Unit 24: Conditional sentences
Unit 25: Passive sentences
Unit 26: Reported speech
Unit 27: Purpose
Unit 28: Word order
Unit 29: Inversion
Unit 30: Connectors
Unit 31: Prepositions
Unit 32: Phrasal verbs
Intermediate English Grammar:
Unit 9: Irregular verbs
English Grammar for Beginners:
Unit 1: A, an, some any and the
Unit 2: Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
Unit 3: Personal pronouns and possessives
Unit 4: Reflexive pronouns, the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and object pronouns
Unit 5: List of irregular verbs
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English Grammar Step by Step
For the sake of simplicity, the distinction between phrasal and prepositional verbs is not taken into account by some grammarians. However, this distinction is crucial, since it helps us to know where to put the object of the verb.
A phrasal verb can be defined as a verb followed by an adverb; a prepositional verb, by a preposition. Notice that a preposition takes a noun, pronoun or gerund, but an adverb does not. The following examples will help you to illustrate this:
She took her coat off.
She took off her coat.
She took it off.
He gets up early in the morning.
Im looking for my hat.
Im looking for it.
The combination a verb + an adverb + a preposition is a phrasal-prepositional verb:
I will have to work very hard to catch up with the rest of the class.
She ran off with the money.
He got away from prison last night.
Say whether the combinations in the sentences below (which are given in bold type) are phrasal verbs, prepositional verbs or phrasal-prepositonal verbs.
a She went out of
the light on/Switch on
c They are look
the matter carefully.
d She cant put up with
his bad manners.
e The policeman ran after
the juvenile delinquent, but he couldnt catch him.
f Pick it up
g The thieves ran away with
h She was head
ing away from
her home town when she realised that she had forgotten something there.
i She was head
the beach when I saw her.
that cigarette out
, please/Put out
that cigarette, please/Put
k Can we put off
the meeting till tomorrow?/Can we put
the meeting off
till tomorrow?/Can we put
l Ice turns into
water when it is heated.
m How are you get
ting along with
your wife now?
n Ill call
o Sit down
p Their car broke down
q When you are exhausted, it is very difficult to get down to
r Please write
s We must draw up
a plan/We must draw
a plan up
/We must draw
those toys away
those toys immediately/Put
u Now, turn over
the page over
v Wed better send for
the doctor, as hes very ill.
w Her parents are always telling her to look for
a boy and settle down
x Im look
ing forward to
my summer holidays.
y She couldnt get through to
you last night, as the line was engaged all the time.
z I wait
her all afternoon, but she didnt turn up
Notice that She took off it
is not correct.
Observe that get up
does not take an object.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1 and the key
1 Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2 Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3 Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4 Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5 So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6 Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7 Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8 Irregular verbs
9 Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)