English Grammar Step by Step
Answer the following sentences with short answers.
Contractions are not used in the affirmative. Note also
the following changes: I→you; we→you, we; you→I, we;
he, she, it and they do not change.
Can you speak Catalan?
Yes, I can.
No, I canít/No, I cannot.
a Can you look in on him on your way home?
b Can you tell me what happened?
c Can she play the violin?
d Can they mend a puncture?
e Can he draw?
2 Example:(he, she, it has; I, you, we, they have;
see unit 6, part 4, sections 1 and 2.)
Have you got a match?
Yes, I have.
No, I havenít/No, I have not.
a Have they got a pekinese?
b Has she got a bungalow?
c Has it got four legs?
d Have you got a bulldog?
e Have we got enough sugar?
3 Example: (I am; he, she, it is; you, we, they are;
see unit 6, part 1, section 1.)
Are they sad?
Yes, they are.
No, they arenít/No, they are not.
a Am I a good student?
b Is there a van?
c Are there two vans?
d Is he doing his homework?
e Are you a writer?
4 Example: (simple present: all the persons, but the
third person singular)
Do you fancy going to the theatre?
Yes, I do.
No, I donít/No, I do not.
a Do you like rum babas?
b Do they wish to go out?
c Do you take honey?
d Do they deliver on Sundays?
e Do I sing very well?
5 Example: (simple present: he, she, it)
Does it rain a lot in your country?
Yes, it does.
No, it doesnít/No, it does not.
a Does she dry up very often?
b Does his mother tuck him in every night?
c Does this bomb go off very easily?
d Does he live abroad?
e Does he read newspapers?
6 Revision exercise.
a Can you tell us the truth?
b Do you travel a lot?
c Have you got a cigarette?
d Have you got a light?
e Do they cook it on a low heat?
f Is there any apple juice?
g Are there any onions?
h Is there a glass of rosť?
i Do you wish to come here tomorrow evening?
j Does she avoid talking to them?
k Do we have to put everything away before
going to bed?
l Do you want to pick her up for me?
m Does the grass need cutting?
n Does he have a swim every day?
o Do you detest babas?
p Do they use a computer?
q Do you eat meat?
r Does she go out every Saturday night?
s Are there two buildings?
t Can they play the trumpet?
u Is it foggy?
v Do you prefer tea to coffee?
w Has he got a French restaurant?
x Are they doing the housework?
y Has he got a terrible cough?
z Is money the root of all evil?
7 Example: (simple past; see also unit 7, part 3.)
Did you teach Italian?
Yes, I did.
No, I didnít/No, I did not.
a Did you drink all the red wine?
b Did they pass their driving-tests?
c Did she win the chess tournament?
d Did it hail yesterday afternoon?
e Did we post that letter?
8 Example: (I, he, she, it was; you, we, they were;
see unit 6, part 1, section 2.)
Was he in yesterday morning?
Yes, he was.
No, he wasnít/No, he was not.
a Were there many rabbits?
b Was the rain bucketing down?
c Was she a friend of yours?
d Was it wet last month?
e Were you sick?
9 Example: (he, she, it has; other persons, have; see
unit 6, part 4, section 9, and unit 7, parts 5 and 6.)
Have you ever been to York?
Yes, we have.
No, we havenít/No, we have not.
a Has she taken her life?
b Have you ever seen a ghost?
c Has he wrapped up all the parcels?
d Have they stopped shooting?
e Have we sent Sue the letter we wrote yesterday?
10 Revision exercise.
a Do you think they will imprison him?
b Have you ever drunk Catalan wine?
c Can you climb craggy mountains?
d Was he having breakfast when you got home this morning?
e Does he think Iím lazy?
f Was she dressed up like a dogís dinner?
g Have they got Aids?
h Are they really going to eat raw meat?
i Do you reckon they will exile her?
j Is she a neighbour of Mikeís?
k Did you tell her my name?
l Were you outside the museum when you met him?
m Has he got a lot of baskets?
n Is there a river?
o Has he been to the department store?
p Did he commit suicide?
q Did you drown the fairy cakes in brandy?
r Have you invited your mother-in-law?
s Is James your stepson?
t Did he enjoy your wedding?
u Have you eaten your dinner?
v Were they playing poker when the police entered
w Does the grass want watering?
x Do they bark at night?
y Can she fly an aeroplane?
z Is her fly undone?
Use there as the subject of the short answer.
For full details about the simple present form,
see unit 7, part 1.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez
Pages: 1, 2 and the key
1 Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2 Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3 Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4 Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5 So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6 Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7 Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8 Irregular verbs
9 Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)