English Grammar Step by Step

     UNIT 2

   Answer the following sentences with short answers.
   Contractions are not used in the affirmative. Note also
   the following changes: I→you; we→you, we; you→I, we;
   he, she, it and they do not change.

1  Example:
   Can you speak Catalan?
   Yes, I can.
   No, I canít/No, I cannot.

a  Can you look in on him on your way home?
b  Can you tell me what happened?
c  Can she play the violin?
d  Can they mend a puncture?
e  Can he draw? 

2  Example:(he, she, it has; I, you, we, they have;
   see unit 6, part 4, sections 1 and 2.)
   Have you got a match?
   Yes, I have.
   No, I havenít/No, I have not.

a  Have they got a pekinese?
b  Has she got a bungalow?
c  Has it got four legs?
d  Have you got a bulldog?
e  Have we got enough sugar?

3  Example: (I am; he, she, it is; you, we, they are;
   see unit 6, part 1, section 1.)
   Are they sad?
   Yes, they are.
   No, they arenít/No, they are not.

a  Am I a good student?
b  Is there1 a van?
c  Are there two vans?
d  Is he doing his homework?
e  Are you a writer?

4  Example: (simple present2: all the persons, but the
   third person singular)
   Do you fancy going to the theatre?
   Yes, I do.
   No, I donít/No, I do not.

a  Do you like rum babas?
b  Do they wish to go out?
c  Do you take honey?
d  Do they deliver on Sundays?
e  Do I sing very well?

5  Example: (simple present: he, she, it)
   Does it rain a lot in your country?
   Yes, it does.
   No, it doesnít/No, it does not.

a  Does she dry up very often?
b  Does his mother tuck him in every night?
c  Does this bomb go off very easily?
d  Does he live abroad?
e  Does he read newspapers?

6  Revision exercise.
a  Can you tell us the truth?
b  Do you travel a lot?
c  Have you got a cigarette?
d  Have you got a light?
e  Do they cook it on a low heat?
f  Is there any apple juice?
g  Are there any onions?
h  Is there a glass of rosť?
i  Do you wish to come here tomorrow evening?
j  Does she avoid talking to them?
k  Do we have to put everything away before
   going to bed?
l  Do you want to pick her up for me?
m  Does the grass need cutting?
n  Does he have a swim every day?
o  Do you detest babas?
p  Do they use a computer?
q  Do you eat meat?
r  Does she go out every Saturday night?
s  Are there two buildings?
t  Can they play the trumpet?
u  Is it foggy?
v  Do you prefer tea to coffee?
w  Has he got a French restaurant?
x  Are they doing the housework?
y  Has he got a terrible cough?
z  Is money the root of all evil?

7  Example: (simple past; see also unit 7, part 3.)
   Did you teach Italian?
   Yes, I did.
   No, I didnít/No, I did not.

a  Did you drink all the red wine?
b  Did they pass their driving-tests?
c  Did she win the chess tournament?
d  Did it hail yesterday afternoon?
e  Did we post that letter?

8  Example: (I, he, she, it was; you, we, they were;
   see unit 6, part 1, section 2.)
   Was he in yesterday morning?
   Yes, he was.
   No, he wasnít/No, he was not.

a  Were there many rabbits?
b  Was the rain bucketing down?
c  Was she a friend of yours?
d  Was it wet last month?
e  Were you sick?

9  Example: (he, she, it has; other persons, have; see
   unit 6, part 4, section 9, and unit 7, parts 5 and 6.)
   Have you ever been to York?
   Yes, we have.
   No, we havenít/No, we have not.

a  Has she taken her life?
b  Have you ever seen a ghost?
c  Has he wrapped up all the parcels?
d  Have they stopped shooting?
e  Have we sent Sue the letter we wrote yesterday?

10 Revision exercise.
a  Do you think they will imprison him?
b  Have you ever drunk Catalan wine?
c  Can you climb craggy mountains?
d  Was he having breakfast when you got home this morning?
e  Does he think Iím lazy?
f  Was she dressed up like a dogís dinner?
g  Have they got Aids?
h  Are they really going to eat raw meat?
i  Do you reckon they will exile her?
j  Is she a neighbour of Mikeís?
k  Did you tell her my name?
l  Were you outside the museum when you met him?
m  Has he got a lot of baskets?
n  Is there a river?
o  Has he been to the department store?
p  Did he commit suicide?
q  Did you drown the fairy cakes in brandy?
r  Have you invited your mother-in-law?
s  Is James your stepson?
t  Did he enjoy your wedding?
u  Have you eaten your dinner?
v  Were they playing poker when the police entered
   the garage?
w  Does the grass want watering?
x  Do they bark at night?
y  Can she fly an aeroplane?
z  Is her fly undone? 

1  Use there as the subject of the short answer.
2  For full details about the simple present form,
   see unit 7, part 1.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

     Pages: 1, 2 and the key

1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8  Irregular verbs
9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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