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Basic Vocabulary: • Contents

English Grammar for Beginners: • Contents

Intermediate English Grammar: • Contents

English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Notes


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Intermediate English Grammar Step by Step


     UNIT 1 - The key


Please notice that there may be other alternatives to the ones provided in this key. Furthermore, a slash (/) has been used to include different options. Do not forget that short answers are not contracted in the affirmative.

1 a He is / He's b They are / They're c We are / We're d is e You are / You're

2 a isn't, she is / she's b It is not / It isn't / It's not c She is not / She isn't / She's not d They are not / They aren't / They're not e I am not / I'm not

3 a Are b Is c Are d Is e Am

4 a Aren't they / Are they not b Isn't he? / Is he not c Isn't this book / Is this book not d Aren't you / Are you not e Am I not

5 a is not, is b Are, 'm not c Is, he is d is, 's e Are, 'm not f Are g am, is h is i 's j Are, 'm k are l is m Aren't, 's n is, is o is p am not q are not, is r Aren't, 'm s are, 're t is, 's u Isn't, 's v is w Are, are x 're, 'm y 's z is, is

6 a were b was c was d were e were

7 a was not b wasn't c were not d wasn't e wasn't

8 a Were b Were c Was d Was e Was

9 a Was he not b Wasn't c Were they not d Weren't e Weren't

10 a was, isn't b were c was d Was e were

11 a is, is, are b were c weren't, were d is, is ('s is not possible here) e was f Are g Aren't h isn't, 's i Are, are ('re is not possible here) j are, are k is, 's, 's, 's l is m were n were, was o Was, was p Isn't, 's q are r Weren't, was s 's t was u Is, 'm, isn't v is, are, are w is x were, Were y wasn't z was, was, was

a  There are not a lot of trees.
   Are there a lot of trees?
b  There isn't a spider on the table.
   Is there a spider on the table?
c  There were not many soldiers.
   Were there many soldiers?
d  There was not a dictionary on the bedside table.
   Was there a dictionary on the bedside table?
e  He's not listening to music.
   Is he listening to music?
f  They're not writing to their parents.
   Are they writing to their parents?
g  She's not a publican.
   Is she a publican?
h  They were not overseas last week.
   Were they overseas last week?
i  You're not very clever.
   Are you very clever?
j  They are not very intelligent.
   Are they very intelligent?
k  He's not resting now.
   Is he resting now?
l  You're not a lawyer.
   Are you a lawyer?
m  We are not free.
   Are we free?
n  It's not a glow-warm.
   Is it a glow-warm?
o  They're not brave.
   Are they brave?
p  He is not a fool.
   Is he a fool?
q  The birds were not singing.
   Were the birds singing?
r  The house wasn't empty.
   Was the house empty?
s  The concert was not a roaring success.
   Was the concert a roaring success?
t  There was not a fly on the cake.
   Was there a fly on the cake?
u  He was not a good suitor.
   Was he a good suitor?
v  My car is not in its last legs.
   Is my car in its last legs?
w  His leg was not in plaster.
   Was his leg in plaster?
x  John and his sister are not over there.
   Are John and his sister over there?
y  Tim was not content with his pay.
   Was Tim content with his pay?
z  The house was not on fire.
   Was the house on fire?

13 a being b being c being d being e being

14 a be b to be c to be d be e be, be

15 a been b been c been d been e been

16 a been, was, been b to be, is c isn't d is, being, to be e being f are g Weren't, wasn't h is, to be, is i are, is, being j isn't, isn't, is k was l was, aren't m are n be o are, be, was p be, am not q being, am r Aren't, am not, am, is s to be, were not t been u was, to be, am ('m is not possible here) v are, to be, is, was, been, is w be, (be) x am, is, be, were, is y are, are, is z be, is

Written by Miquel Molina i Diez
Click here to return to Unit 1


1.  The verb "to be" (the key)

2.  The modal verbs "can" and "may" (the key)

3.  The verb "have" (the key)

4.  Have to, must, need not, cannot and should (the key)

5.  The simple present and the present continuous or progressive (the key)

6.  The simple past and the past continuous or progressive (the key)

7.  The present perfect simple, the simple past, the present perfect continuous (or progressive), the past perfect simple and the past perfect continuous (or progressive)

8.  The "be going to" form, the present continuous and the future simple

9.  Irregular verbs

10.  Conditional sentences

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