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Polseguera
Intermediate English Grammar Step by Step

 

     UNIT 9
     IRREGULAR VERBS

 

For a more visual version, click here.

 


infinitive
simple past
past participle

arise

arose

arisen

 

awake

awoke

awoken

 

be

was, were

been

 

beat

beat

beaten

 

become

became

become

 

begin

began

begun

 

bend

bent

bent

 

bet

bet

bet

 

bind

bound

bound

 

bite

bit

bitten

 

bleed

bled

bled

 

blow

blew

blown

 

break

broke

broken

 

breed

bred

bred

 

bring

brought

brought

 

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

 

build

built

built

 

burn

burnt, burned

burnt, burned1

 

burst

burst

burst

 

buy

bought

bought

 

cast

cast

cast

 

catch

caught

caught

 

choose

chose

chosen

 

cling

clung

clung

 

come

came

come

 

cost

cost

cost

 

creep

crept

crept

 

cut

cut

cut

 

deal

dealt

dealt

 

dig

dug

dug

 

do

did

done

 

draw

drew

drawn

 

dream

dreamt, dreamed

dreamt, dreamed

 

drink

drank

drunk

 

drive

drove

driven

 

dwell

dwelt, dwelled

dwelt, dwelled

 

eat

ate

eaten

 

fall

fell

fallen

 

feed

fed

fed

 

feel

felt

felt

 

fight

fought

fought

 

find

found

found

 

flee

fled

fled

 

fling

flung

flung

 

fly

flew

flown

 

forbid

forbad(e)

forbidden

 

forget

forgot

forgotten

 

forgive

forgave

forgiven

 

freeze

froze

frozen

 

get

got

got

 

give

gave

given

 

go

went

gone

 

grind

ground

ground

 

grow

grew

grown

 

hang

hung

hung2

 

have

had

had

 

hear

heard

heard

 

hide

hid

hidden

 

hit

hit

hit

 

hold

held

held

 

hurt

hurt

hurt

 

keep

kept

kept

 

kneel

knelt, kneeled

knelt, kneeled

 

know

knew

known

 

lay

laid

laid

 

lead

led

led

 

lean

leant, leaned

leant, leaned

 

leap

leapt, leaped

leapt, leaped

 

learn

learnt, learned

learnt, learned

 

leave

left

left

 

lend

lent

lent

 

let

let

let

 

lie

lay

lain3

 

light

lit, lighted

lit, lighted4

 

lose

lost

lost

 

make

made

made

 

mean

meant

meant

 

meet

met

met

 

mistake

mistook

mistaken

 

misunderstand

misunderstood

misunderstood

 

oversleep

overslept

overslept

 

overtake

overtook

overtaken

 

pay

paid

paid

 

put

put

put

 

quit

quit, quitted

quit, quitted5

 

read

read

read

 

ride

rode

ridden

 

ring

rang

rung

 

rise

rose

risen

 

run

ran

run

 

saw

sawed

sawn

 

say

said

said

 

see

saw

seen

 

seek

sought

sought

 

sell

sold

sold

 

send

sent

sent

 

set

set

set

 

sew

sewed

sewn

 

shake

shook

shaken

 

shed

shed

shed

 

shine

shone

shone

 

shoe

shod

shod

 

shoot

shot

shot

 

show

showed

shown

 

shrink

shrank

shrunk

 

shut

shut

shut

 

sing

sang

sung

 

sink

sank

sunk

 

sit

sat

sat

 

slay

slew

slain

 

sleep

slept

slept

 

slide

slid

slid

 

sling

slung

slung

 

slink

slunk

slunk

 

slit

slit

slit

 

smell

smelt, smelled

smelt, smelled

 

smite

smote

smitten

 

speak

spoke

spoken

 

spell

spelt, spelled

spelt, spelled

 

spend

spent

spent

 

spill

spilt, spilled

spilt, spilled

 

spin

spun

spun

 

spit

spat

spat

 

split

split

split

 

spoil

spoilt, spoiled

spoilt, spoiled

 

spread

spread

spread

 

spring

sprang

sprung

 

stand

stood

stood

 

steal

stole

stolen

 

stick

stuck

stuck

 

sting

stung

stung

 

stink

stank, stunk (US)

stunk

 

strew

strewed

strewn, strewed

 

stride

strode

stridden

 

strike

struck

struck

 

string

strung

strung

 

strive

strove

striven

 

swear

swore

sworn

 

sweep

swept

swept

 

swell

swelled

swollen

 

swim

swam

swum

 

swing

swung

swung

 

take

took

taken

 

teach

taught

taught

 

tear

tore

torn

 

tell

told

told

 

think

thought

thought

 

throw

threw

thrown

 

thrust

thrust

thrust

 

tread

trod

trodden

 

undergo

underwent

undergone

 

understand

understood

understood

 

undertake

undertook

undertaken

 

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

 

unwind

unwound

unwound

 

upset

upset

upset

 

wake

woke

woken

 

wear

wore

worn

 

weave

wove

woven

 

wed

wed, wedded

wed, wedded

 

weep

wept

wept

 

win

won

won

 

wind

wound

wound

 

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

 

wring

wrung

wrung

 

write

wrote

written

 

____________________

1  Some verbs, such as burn, dream, dwell, etc., have both regular and irregular forms. However, the irregular ones are more common in British English, and in American English, the regular ones (-ed).

2  Hang is regular when it means "to kill someone with a rope around his or her neck": hanged.

3  Lie is regular when it means "not to tell the truth": lied (simple past and past participle).

4  In British English, the simple past and past participle is generally lit. Lighted is normally used before nouns: a lighted cigarette.

5  Quitted is used mainly in British English.

Written by Miquel Molina i Diez

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