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Vocabulari per a principiants - Vocabulari bàsic

 

Paraules que fan referència a la nacionalitat

Versió compacta

País Traducció al català Adjectiu Nom
Singular    Plural   
Els ciutadans
Afghanistan Afganistan Afghan
An Afghan, two Afghans
The Afghans
Angola Angola Angolan
An Angolan, two Angolans
The Angolans
Argentina / The Argentine (L')Argentina Argentinian, Argentine
An Argentinian,
An Argentine,
two Argentinians
two Argentines
The Argentinians / The Argentines
Armenia Armènia Armenian
An Armenian, two Armenians
The Armenians
Australia Austràlia Australian
An Australian, two Australians
The Australians
Austria Àustria Austrian
An Austrian, two Austrians
The Austrians
The Basque Country El País Basc / Euskadi Basque
A Basque, two Basques
The Basques
Belgium Bèlgica Belgian
A Belgian, two Belgians
The Belgians
Bolivia Bolívia Bolivian
A Bolivian, two Bolivians
The Bolivians
Brazil (El) Brasil Brazilian
A Brazilian, two Brazilians
The Brazilians
Canada (El) Canadà Canadian
A Canadian, two Canadians
The Canadians
Catalonia Catalunya Catalan
A Catalan, two Catalans
The Catalans
Chile Xile Chilean
A Chilean, two Chileans
The Chileans
China (La) Xina Chinese
A Chinese, two Chinese
The Chinese
Colombia Colòmbia Colombian
A Colombian, two Colombians
The Colombians
Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rican
A Costa Rican, two Costa Ricans
The Costa Ricans
Croatia Croàcia Croatian
A Croatian, two Croatians
The Croatians
Cuba Cuba Cuban
A Cuban, two Cubans
The Cubans
Czechoslovakia Txecoslovàquia Czech
A Czech, two Czechs
The Czechs
Denmark Dinamarca Danish
A Dane, two Danes
The Danes
Ecuador (L')Ecuador Ecuadorian
An Ecuadorian, two Ecuadorians
The Ecuadorians
Egypt Egipte Egyptian
An Egyptian, two Egyptians
The Egyptians
England Anglaterra English
An Englishman (male),
An Englishwoman (female),
two Englishmen
two Englishwomen
The English
Estonia Estònia Estonian
An Estonian, two Estonians
The Estonians
Findland Finlàndia Finnish
A Finn, two Finns
The Finns
France França French
A Frenchman (male),
A Frenchwoman (female),
two Frenchmen
two Frenchwomen
The French
Germany Alemanya German
A German, two Germans
The Germans
Greece Grècia Greek
A Greek, two Greeks
The Greeks
Guatemala Guatemala Guatemalan
A Guatemalan, two Guatemalans
The Guatemalans
Holland / The Netherlands Holanda / Els Països Baixos Dutch
A Dutchman (male),
A Dutchwoman (female),
two Dutchmen
two Dutchwomen
The Dutch
Honduras Hondures Honduran
A Honduran, two Hondurans
The Hondurans
Hungary Hongria Hungarian
A Hungarian, two Hungarians
The Hungarians
Iceland Islàndia Icelandic
An Icelander, two Icelanders
The Icelanders
India L'Índia Indian
An Indian, two Indians
The Indians
Iran (L')Iran Iranian
An Iranian, two Iranians
The Iranians
Iraq (L')Iraq Iraqi
An Iraqi, two Iraqis
The Iraqis
Ireland Irlanda Irish
An Irishman (male),
An Irishwoman (female),
two Irishmen
two Irishwomen
The Irish
Israel Israel Israeli
An Israeli, two Israelis
The Israelis
Italy Itàlia Italian
An Italian, two Italians
The Italians
Japan El Japó Japanese
A Japanese, two Japanese
The Japanese
Laos Laos Loatian
A Loatian, two Loatians
The Loatians
Lithuania Lituània Lithuanian
A Lithuanian, two Lithuanians
The Lithuanians
Mexico Mèxic Mexican
A Mexican, two Mexicans
The Mexicans
Mongolia Mongòlia Mongolian
A Mongolian,
A Mongol,
two Mongolians
two Mongols
The Mongolians / The Mongols
Morocco El Marroc Moroccan
A Moroccan, two Moroccans
The Moroccans
Nepal El Nepal Nepalese / Nepali
A Nepalese,
A Nepali,
two Nepalese
two Nepalis
The Nepalese / The Nepalis
New Zealand Nova Zelanda New Zealand
A New Zealander, two New Zealanders
The New Zealanders
Nicaragua Nicaragua Nicaraguan
A Nicaraguan, two Nicaraguans
The Nicaraguans
Nigeria Nigèria Nigerian
A Nigerian, two Nigerians
The Nigerians
Norway Noruega Norwegian
A Norwegian, two Norwegians
The Norwegians
Pakistan Pakistan Pakistani
A Pakistani, two Pakistanis
The Pakistanis
Panama Panamà Panamanian
A Panamanian, two Panamanians
The Panamanians
Paraguay (El) Paraguai Paraguayan
A Paraguayan, two Paraguayans
The Paraguayans
Peru (El) Perú Peruvian
A Peruvian, two Peruvians
The Peruvians
The Philippines Les Filipines Filipino
A Filipino, two Filipinos
The Filipinos
Poland Polònia Polish
A Pole, two Poles
The Poles
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rican
A Puerto Rican, two Puerto Ricans
The Puerto Ricans
Russia Rússia Russian
A Russian, two Russians
The Russians
Portugal Portugal Portuguese
A Portuguese, two Portuguese
The Portuguese
Romania / Rumania / Roumania Romania Romanian
A Romanian, two Romanians
The Romanians
Scotland Escòcia Scottish / Scotch
A Scot(sman) (male),
A Scot(swoman) (female),
two Scots(men)
two Scots(women)
The Scots
Spain / Castile Espanya / Castella Spanish / Castilian*
A Spaniard / A Castilian, two Spaniards / two Castilians
The Spanish / The Castilians
Sweden Suècia Swedish
A Swede, two Swedes
The Swedes
Switzerland Suïssa Swiss
A Swiss, two Swiss
The Swiss
Thailand Tailàndia Thai
A Thai, two Thais
The Thais
Turkey Turquia Turkish
A Turk, two Turks
The Turks
Uruguay (L')Uruguay Uruguayan
A Uruguayan, two Uruguayans
The Uruguayans
Venezuela Veneçuela Venezuelan
A Venezuelan, two Venezuelans
The Venezuelans
Vietnam (El) Vietnam Vietnamese
A Vietnamese, two Vietnamese
The Vietnamese
Wales El País de Gal·les Welsh
A Welshman (male),
A Welshwoman (female),
two Welshmen
two Welshwomen
The Welsh

 

Nota que les paraules que fan referència a la nacionalitat, s'escriuen en majúscula en anglès, però en minúscula en català:

(The) Italians eat a lot of pasta.

Els italians mengen molta pasta.

 

Com hem vist a l'anterior exemple, l'article definit (the) es pot ometre amb els plurals acabats en s. Compara les oracions següents:

I am going to study Catalan because I like the Catalans.

I am going to study Catalan because I like Catalans.

Tinc pensat estudiar català perquè els catalans em cauen bé.

The Chinese grow a lot of rice. (L'article the és necessari.)

Els Chinesos cultiven molt d'arròs.

The Swiss make very tasty chocolates. (L'article the no es pot llevar, puix que no s'ha afegit cap s per a fer el plural.)

Els suïssos fan bombons molt saborosos.

 

Les oracions de més avall signifiquen el mateix:

(The) Germans are used to the cold. It freezes in Germany in the winter.

German people are used to the cold. It freezes in Germany in the winter.

Els alemanys estan acostumats al fred. Fa molt de fred a Alemanya a l'hivern.

 

Més exemples:

Japanese girls are beautiful.

Les noies japoneses són molt boniques.

(The) Canadians speak English and French.

Els canadencs parlen anglès i francès.

We like Chinese food, so we ate at a Chinese restaurant.

Ens agrada el menjar xinès, i per això vam menjar en un restaurant xinès.

A person who comes from Poland is Polish / A person who comes from Poland is a Pole.

Una persona que procedeix de Polònia és polonesa.

Two people who come from Poland are Polish / Two people who come from Poland are Poles.<

Dues persones de Polònia són poloneses.

 

*Nota que les paraules Spain i Spanish són imperialistes o colonialistes. Per a referir-se a la llengua de Castella, cal emprar Castilian:

He speaks Castilian.

(Ell) parla castellà.

Tanmateix, quan faces un examen, potser el professor preferesca "Spanish". En cas de dubte, pregunta-li.

 

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