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English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs

GramÓtica anglesa de nivell mitjÓ:
• MatŔries

GramÓtica anglesa per a principiants:
• ═ndex
• Unitat 1:  A, an, some, any i the
• Unitat 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unitat 3:  Els pronoms personals i els adjectius i pronoms possessius
• Unitat 4:  Els pronoms reflexius, el pronom recÝproc "each other" i els pronoms personals de complement
• Unitat 5:  Llista de verbs irregulars anglesos

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GramÓtica anglesa de nivell avanšat pas a pas (English Grammar Step by Step)

     UNIT 32

For the sake of simplicity, the distinction between phrasal and prepositional verbs is not taken into account by some grammarians. However, this distinction is crucial, since it helps us to know where to put the object of the verb.

A phrasal verb can be defined as a verb followed by an adverb; a prepositional verb, by a preposition. Notice that a preposition takes a noun, pronoun or gerund, but an adverb does not. The following examples will help you to illustrate this:
   She took her coat off. (phrasal verb)
   She took off her coat.
   She took it1 off.

   He gets up2 early in the morning. (phrasal verb)
   Iĺm looking for my hat. (prepositional verb)
   Iĺm looking for it.

The combination Ĺa verb + an adverb + a prepositionĺ is a phrasal-prepositional verb:
   I will have to work very hard to catch up with the rest of the class.
   She ran off with the money.
   He got away from prison last night.

Say whether the combinations in the sentences below (which are given in bold type) are phrasal verbs, prepositional verbs or phrasal-prepositonal verbs.

a  She went out of the building.
b  Switch the light on/Switch on the light/Switch it on.
c  They are looking into the matter carefully.
d  She canĺt put up with his bad manners.
e  The policeman ran after the juvenile delinquent, but he couldnĺt catch him.
f  Pick it up at once.
g  The thieves ran away with their loot.
h  She was heading away from her home town when she realised that she had forgotten something there.
i  She was heading towards the beach when I saw her.
j  Put that cigarette out, please/Put out that cigarette, please/Put it out, please.
k  Can we put off the meeting till tomorrow?/Can we put the meeting off till tomorrow?/Can we put it off?
l  Ice turns into water when it is heated.
m  How are you getting along with your wife now?
n  Iĺll call you back later.
o  Sit down, please.
p  Their car broke down.
q  When you are exhausted, it is very difficult to get down to work.
r  Please write it down.
s  We must draw up a plan/We must draw a plan up/We must draw it up.
t  Put those toys away immediately/Put away those toys immediately/Put them away.
u  Now, turn over the page/Turn the page over/Turn it over.
v  Weĺd better send for the doctor, as heĺs very ill.
w  Her parents are always telling her to look for a boy and settle down.
x  Iĺm looking forward to my summer holidays.
y  She couldnĺt get through to you last night, as the line was engaged all the time.
z  I waited for her all afternoon, but she didnĺt turn up.

1  Notice that She took off it is not correct.
2  Observe that get up does not take an object.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

     Pages: 1 and the key

1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8  Irregular verbs
9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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