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English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs


Gramàtica anglesa de nivell mitjà:
• Matèries


Gramàtica anglesa per a principiants:
• Índex
• Unitat 1:  A, an, some, any i the
• Unitat 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unitat 3:  Els pronoms personals i els adjectius i pronoms possessius
• Unitat 4:  Els pronoms reflexius, el pronom recíproc "each other" i els pronoms personals de complement
• Unitat 5:  Llista de verbs irregulars anglesos


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Gramàtica anglesa gratuïta (Bàsic » Mitjà)


Some, any + -body / -one, + -thing, + -where


Els compostos de some i any actuen de la mateixa manera que some i any, ço és, some-, per a l'afirmativa i, any-, per a la interrogativa i la negativa, tot i que usem some- en la interrogativa en peticions, en oferiments o quan esperem una resposta afirmativa, com vàrem veure a la unitat anterior. Exemples:

I saw somebody there. (Vaig veuré algú allí.)

I did not see anybody there. (No vaig veure ningú allí.)

Did you see anybody there? (¿Vas veure algú allí?)

Would you like something better? (¿Vols alguna cosa millor?)



En comptes de I did not see anybody there, també es pot dir I saw nobody there, però no podem negar dues vegades: *I did not see nobody there.



Somebody, someone i anybody signifiquen el mateix que anyone, nobody i no-one respectivament. No-one s'escriu també no one.



Any pot significar també "qualsevol":

You can take any pencil. (Pots agafar qualsevol llapis / Pots agafar el llapis que vulgues.)

Anybody can do it. It's very easy. (Qualsevol sap fer-ho. És molt fàcil.)



Ja per acabar vegem els següentes exemples:

Somebody told me you were abroad. (Algú em va dir que eres a l'estranger.)

Nobody came to the meeting. (Ningú no va anar / vindre a la reunió.)

Was there anybody in the house? (¿Hi havia algú a la casa?)

I want something to eat. (Vull alguna cosa de menjar.)

I don't need anything. (No necessite res.)

I need nothing. (No necessite res.)

Would you like something to drink? (¿Vols alguna cosa per beure?)

Is there anything in that drawer? (¿Hi ha alguna cosa en aquell calaix?)

I want to go somewhere else. (Vull anar a un altre lloc.)

I didn't go anywhere. (No vaig anar enlloc.)

I went nowhere. (No vaig anar enlloc.)

Have you seen my car keys anywhere? (¿Has vist les claus del cotxe enlloc?)



Exercicis:


Ompli els espais en blanc amb somebody, anybody, nobody, something, anything, nothing, somewhere, anywhere o nowhere.

  1.  I know __________ about this issue that you may find interesting, but if I tell you, you must promise to keep it (a) secret.

  2.  __________ lives here. There is no water.

  3.  I spent the night __________ near the beach.

  4.  __________ could have jumped over this wall, and stole your rake. It's very low.

  5.  __________ scares him. He's very brave.

  6.  There is __________ to park here. Let's go __________ else to park.

  7.  Would you like __________ to wash your hands?.

  8.  May I have __________ for dessert, please?

  9.  They took him __________ in London, and he never returned.

 10.  Please don't leave __________ behind at home. We'll be away for a fortnight.

 11.  She needs __________ to love. She's very lonely.

 12.  They will not sing __________ in this city. They said that they would never come back.

 13.  There isn't __________ you can do to help them. __________ can help them.

 14.  We do not need __________ else to run this department. We can do it ourselves.

 15.  __________ is ringing the bell. Go and see who it is.

 16.  __________ phoned while we were out, but they did not leave a message.

 17.  __________ tells me that there is __________ fishy going on .

 18.  They are looking for __________ to settle down and have children. They want to find a quiet place to lead a quiet life.

 19.  "Where would you like to stay?"

       "__________ will do provided it is a clean place."

 20.  "Is there __________ at home?"

       "I don't think there is __________. Mum and dad must have gone out."

Autor: Miquel Molina i Diez






















Solucions: (Et recordem que en lloc de anybody, nobody i somebody, es pot utilitzar anyone, no-one i someone respectivament.)

  1.  something

  2.  Nobody (Nothing és també possible si volem fer la cosa més dràstica.)

  3.  somewhere

  4.  Anybody

  5.  Nothing / Nobody (La primera alternativa potser siga millor, però això depén del context.)

  6.  nowhere, somewhere

  7.  something

  8.  something

  9.  somewhere

 10.  anything

 11.  somebody

 12.  anywhere

 13.  anything, Nobody

 14.  anybody

 15.  Somebody

 16.  Somebody

 17.  Something, something

 18.  somewhere

 19.  Anywhere

 20.  anybody, anybody



Matèries:
Unitat 1: A, an, some, any i the
Unitat 2: Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
Unitat 3: Els pronoms personals i els adjectius i pronoms possessius
Unitat 4: Els pronoms reflexius, el pronom recíproc "each other" i els pronoms personals de complement
Unitat 5: Llista de verbs irregulars anglesos


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