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English Grammar Step by Step: • Contents
• Introduction
• Notes
• Unit 1:  Negative and interrogative sentences
• Unit 2:  Short answers
• Unit 3:  Question tags
• Unit 4:  Questions and exclamations
• Unit 5:  So, neither, nor, either
• Unit 6:  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel
• Unit 7:  Verb tenses: forms
• Unit 8:  Irregular verbs
• Unit 9:  Verb tenses: uses
• Unit 10:  Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns
• Unit 11: The genitive case
• Unit 12: Singular and plural nouns
• Unit 13: Gender
• Unit 14: A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every
• Unit 15: Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all
• Unit 16: A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty
• Unit 17: Enough, too, so and such
• Unit 18: Comparative and superlative sentences
• Unit 19: The adjective order
• Unit 20: Relative clauses
• Unit 21: Do and make
• Unit 22: Modal verbs
• Unit 23: Infinitives, gerunds and present participles
• Unit 24: Conditional sentences
• Unit 25: Passive sentences
• Unit 26: Reported speech
• Unit 27: Purpose
• Unit 28: Word order
• Unit 29: Inversion
• Unit 30: Connectors
• Unit 31: Prepositions
• Unit 32: Phrasal verbs

Gramàtica anglesa de nivell mitjà:
• Matèries

Gramàtica anglesa per a principiants:
• Índex
• Unitat 1:  A, an, some, any i the
• Unitat 2:  Some, any + body/one, + thing, + where
• Unitat 3:  Els pronoms personals i els adjectius i pronoms possessius
• Unitat 4:  Els pronoms reflexius, el pronom recíproc "each other" i els pronoms personals de complement
• Unitat 5:  Llista de verbs irregulars anglesos

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Gramàtica anglesa de nivell avançat pas a pas (English Grammar Step by Step)

     UNIT 15

   Fill in the blanks as appropriate.

1  Examples:
   Neither of them fleeced the old lady.
   He didn’t sing either of the songs
   None of these ballpoint pens work(s).
   They didn’t buy any3 of the vases.
   Both of them are swindlers.
   All of them took the pedestrian crossing.

   If we have two people or things in mind, we use neither,
   not...either or both; but if we have more than two, none,
   not...any or all. Neither, not...either and none are usually treated
   as singular words in a formal style; but as plurals, in an informal one.
   None of + a determiner + an uncountable noun is also possible: None of
   this farming land belongs to them. Compare this with the following: 
     ‘Which of this farming land belongs to them?’ 
     ‘None (of it).’

   As regards all and not...any, we use a singular verb if they come
   before uncountable nouns; and a plural verb, before plural nouns.
   For instance, all (of) the money is singular; but all (of) the
   geraniums, plural. As for both, it always accompanies plural nouns,
   and it always takes plural verbs: Both (of) the bathing-caps are
   too big for him.

a  There were over ten boys, and __________ them were eating sunflower
   seeds. They loved them.
b  They showed me two strings of pearls, but I didn’t like __________ them.
c  They showed me five strings of pearls, but I didn’t like __________ them.
d  I have two children, and __________ them is working at present.
   They’re on the dole.
e  __________ my daughters are very clever. They always get top marks in
   everything. Her names are Fiona and Jessica. Fiona is two years older
   than Jessica.

2  Examples:
   Both of the children played truant yesterday.
   Both4 the children study hard.
   Both children passed their exams.
   Both of them are carol singers.
   All5 of the children love pineapples.
   All the children have got hepatitis.
   All children need to play.
   All of them love their mother country.

   The subjects of the three first sentences mean the same. The third one
   is the most formal of the three. In the fifth and sixth instances,
   they are synonyms, but, in the seventh, it refers to children in general,
   whereas, in the others, to a particular group of children. If both and
   all are followed by a pronoun, of is necessary, as in the fourth and
   eighth examples above.

a  There were two girls playing in the school playground. __________ them
   were in high spirits.
b  __________ women like perfumes.
c  ‘How many children have you got?’
   ‘Three boys. __________ them are very handsome.’
d  ‘__________ beggars look shabby.’
   ‘Well, I don’t think __________ them look shabby.’
e  Someone has drunk __________ the wine.

3  Examples:
   We (= he and I) both/Both of us shouted at the referee. He didn’t
   have the faintest idea of how to referee.
   I like them both/both of them. (Referring to two anoraks.)
   They all/All of them killed time reading magazines. (Three or
   more people.)
   ‘Which miniskirts do you like best?’
   ‘I like them all/all of them.’
   Both that lad and that lass were friends of his.

   It does not matter whether we say ‘we both’ or ‘both of us’,
   ‘them both’ or ‘both of them’. The same is true of all.
   Both and and may be used as correlatives, as in the last example.
   Both and all can also be  pronouns: 
     Both (of my two sons) love playing in the open air.
     All (of my three sons) love playing in the open air.

a  We (= my husband and I) __________ kept our noses clean, but they
   (= her husband and she) __________ got into trouble.
b  __________ us kept our noses clean, but __________ them got into trouble.
c  __________ Thomas __________ Philip never kept things back, so I
   wouldn’t tell them anything.
d  We (= all your friends) have __________ been striving hard to understand
   you all over these years, but we have found it very difficult, as you
   have never been very specific.
e  He told them (= Ursula, Tina and Tracey) __________ the story.

4  Revision exercise.
a  ‘You two, come on, help in the kitchen!’
   ‘We’re sorry, but we’re __________ very busy now.’
b  __________ us (= my wife and I) covered our ears when we heard the
   explosion, but the people sitting at the next table didn’t.
c  I’ve got two sons, and __________ them leave their beds unmade in
   the mornings. I have told them a hundred times not to leave their
   beds unmade, but they keep doing it.
d  __________ them (= Hugh and Angus) pull the toilet chain when they go
   to the loo. It’s very irritating.
e  __________ them (= Hugh, Angus and Ray) flush the toilet whenever they go
   to the lavatory. It’s very irritating.
f  There were four sofa beds, and __________ them was worth a bag of beans,
   so we threw them away.
g  They __________ (= they two) spent three years in gaol because they
   had robbed a bank.
h  __________ spiders eat insects.
i  Peter and John have declared their love to her, but she told them
   that she wasn’t in love with __________ them.
j  You __________ (= you three) need a bandage. Come this way and
   I’ll put you one each.
k  We __________ (= our sister and I) are trying to make a living, so
   don’t bother us.
l  They (= our three daughters) are __________ grief-striken at the death
   of their granddad.
m  We saw three pythons, and __________ them was alive/and __________
   them were lifeless. Someone had killed them with a sheath-knife.
n  She says that she’s gone out with some fifteen boys and that she has
   loved them __________ deeply.
o  ‘They didn’t take __________ the digital watches in the shop window.’
  ‘But there are three missing!’
p  ‘How many tulips have you picked?’
   ‘__________.’ (= I haven’t picked __________.)
q  __________ lovers said goodbye to each other with tears in their eyes.
r  I know there are two cash dispensers in this area, but I haven’t
   seen __________ them.
s  __________ the farmers here usually pay in kind, as they don’t usually
   have money to pay in cash.
t  __________ Alice __________ Timothy are as poor as a church mouse,
   so they won’t be able to lend you any money.
u  Not __________ girls make up their faces, but most of them do.
v  They ate __________ the cheese. They left __________. They love cheese.
w  __________ the rice pudding was fit for consumption. He had kept it in
   the fridge for a long time.
x  When the forest ranger saw them __________ climbing over the fence,
   he said, ‘ Where are you two going?’
y  We have two kids, and they __________ like tiger nut milk.
z  We __________ have lentils once a week. My husband isn’t very fond of
   them, but the children adore them.

1  For neither and not...either, see unit 5.
2  See also unit 14, section 18.
3  See unit 14, sections 12 and 13.
4  It is also possible to omit the preposition of with half:
     She spends half (of) her spare time reading.
     Half (of) the time was devoted to theory.

   We can also say ‘half an apple’ or ‘a half apple’. Note too:
     One and a half days aren’t enough to deal with the whole matter.
     A day and a half isn’t enough to deal with the whole matter.
5  Do not say She has been studying all the day/all the night/all the
   morning/all the afternoon/all the evening/all the week/all the month/all
   the year, but She has been studying all day/all night/all morning...,
   that is, we omit the and the prepositon of in the expression
   all + day, night, and so on. Note also all (of) the time, all (of) the
   summer, etc. The is optional in the phrase all (the) year round. Notice
   the following as well: throughout/all through the night, the day,
   and so forth.
Author: Miquel Molina i Diez

     Pages: 1 and the key

1  Negative and interrogative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
2  Short answers (Page 2 and the key)
3  Question tags (Page 2 and the key)
4  Questions and exclamations (Page 2 and the key)
5  So, neither, nor, either (the key)
6  Be, used to, would, be/get/become used to, dare, have, get, become, grow, go, turn, fall and feel (Page 2 and the key)
7  Verb tenses: forms (Page 2 and the key)
8  Irregular verbs
9  Verb tenses: uses (Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5 and the key)
10 Personal pronouns, possessives and reflexive pronouns (Page 2 and the key)
11 The genitive case (the key)
12 Singular and plural nouns (Page 2 and the key)
13 Gender (the key)
14 A, an, some, any, no, not, none, each, every and the; compounds of some, any, no and every (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
15 Neither, not...either, none, not...any, both and all (the key)
16 A few, few, a lot, lots, a little, little, many, much, no and plenty (the key)
17 Enough, too, so and such (the key)
18 Comparative and superlative sentences (Page 2 and the key)
19 Adjective order (the key)
20 Relative clauses (Page 2 and the key)
21 Do and make (the key)
22 Modal verbs (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
23 Infinitives, gerunds and present participles (Page 2 and the key)
24 Conditional sentences (Page 2 and the key)
25 Passive sentences (the key)
26 Reported speech (Page 2 and the key)
27 Purpose (the key)
28 Word order (the key)
29 Inversion (the key)
30 Connectors (Page 2 and the key)
31 Prepositions (Page 2, Page 3 and the key)
32 Phrasal verbs (the key)

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