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Some, any and every; some, any, every + -body / -one, -thing and -where (intermediate level)


A  Some is used in affirmative sentences: I want some sugar. It is also used in questions when we expect a positive reply, or are offering or requesting something:
      Would you like some tea?
      May I have some coffee?
      Are there some mice? I think I've just seen one.


B  Any is used in negative and interrogative sentences: Did you sell any onions? In the affirmative, it means "any of them will do".
      I don't want any milk.
      You can take any lighter you like.
(ie, you may choose the one you want)


C  Have a look at the table below:

countable nouns uncountable nouns
singular: a / an*
plural: some / any
 some / any
*A is followed by a consonant sound, and an, by a vowel sound:
      I have a cat.
      He has an apple.


D  The compounds of some and any have the same rules as some and any:
      I have seen somebody.
      Have you seen anybody?
      I have not seen anybody.


E  We cannot make two negatives in the same clause:
      I saw nothing.
      I did not see anything.
      *I did not see nothing
is incorrect.


F  When the sense is general, do not use some or any:
      I don't like meat.
      They love fast cars.
      Fruit is very good for the human body.


G  Every means 'all':
      I go there every day.
      Everybody enjoyed the party.
      Everything went wrong.
      She has been everywhere in the world.




1   Write some, any, a, an or in the spaces provided.

a   There isn't __________ butter, but there's __________ cheese.
b   __________ milk is white.
c   May I have __________ apple juice?
d   'Is there __________ water left?' 'No, there isn't.'
e   Would you like __________ of these oranges?
f   There are __________ men, but there aren't __________ women.
g   Would you like __________ banana?
h   Could I have __________ sugar?
i   We haven't got __________ rice.
j   I'd like to have __________ apricot, but there aren't __________.
k   __________ dolphins are very intelligent.
l   I hate __________ skirts.


2   Fill in the gaps with somebody, anybody, something, anything, somewhere, anywhere, nobody, nothing, nowhere, every, everything, everybody, everywhere, some, any, a or an.

a   The police were looking for him, but he was __________ to be found.
b   __________ guests did not come to the party.
c   They treat me very well __________ time I visit them.
d   __________ loves me. I feel very miserable.
e   I want to buy __________ bread, but the baker hasn't got __________.
f   He is beloved by __________ in the village. He's always trying to help people.
g   I saw __________ at the window a moment ago. There must be __________ in the house.
h   He doesn't know __________ about cars.
i   I don't think there is __________ who can drive a lorry.
j   I have looked __________ in the house, but I haven't seen your wallet.
k   Although I was very thirsty, she gave me __________ to drink.
l   Waiter! There is __________ gnat in my soup.
m   I'd like to go __________ else.
n   I'm not hungry, so I'll eat __________.
o   Could you take me __________ nice this weekend?
p   May I have __________ to eat? I'm very hungry.
q   Would you like to go __________ else? I can take you __________.
r   Would you please stop criticising __________ I do once and for all?
s   My husband is having __________ operation next week.
t   'Have you got __________ we need?'
    'Yes, I think so. I haven't left __________ behind.'
    'I hope so. The last time we went for a picnic, you forgot to bring several things with you.'
u   As you can see, I have __________ in my pockets. They're empty.
v   __________ can do it; it is as easy as winking.
w   'Where are you going this weekend?'
    '__________. I'm staying at home.'
x    __________ she does is a piece of art. She's __________ excellent artist.
y    __________ idiot is __________ stupid.
z   __________ but you did well in the exam. You are __________ very good student.


THE KEY (I have used a slash, /, to indicate a different alternative.)


a   any, some
b   —
c   some
d   any
e   some
f   some, any
g   a
h   some
i   any
j   an, any
k   —
l   —


a   nowhere
b   Some
c   every
d   Nobody/No-one/No one
e   some, any
f   everybody/everyone
g   Somebody/Someone, somebody/someone
h   anything
i   anyone/anybody
j   everywhere
k   nothing
l   a
m   somewhere
n   nothing
o   somewhere
p   something
q   somewhere, anywhere
r   everything
s   an
t   everything, anything
u   nothing
v   Everybody/Everyone/Anybody/Anyone
w   Nowhere
x   Everything, an
y   An, someone/somebody
z   Nobody/No-one/No one, a


Written by Miquel Molina i Diez

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